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Lecture 10

RLG100Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Middle Ages, Talmud, Orthopraxy


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Arti Dhand
Lecture
10

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TEST$%$MONDAY,$OCTOBER$19th$
7#out#of#9#de+inition;#identify#and#signi+icance#
Short#answer#questions#
Judaism(continued…((
70#CE#&#Destruction#of#the#Second#Temple#
135#CE#&#The#Jews#are#entirely#exiled#out#of#Palestine#and#the#surrounding#areas#by#the#Roman#
authorities#and#not#allowed#back#in#except#for#one#time#a#year,#on#the#anniversary#of#the#destruction#
of#the#temple#—#the#Diaspora#begins,#they#disperse#into#other#regions#of#the#world#
Jewish#experiences#in#the#Middle#Ages#is#coloured#by#its#existence#as#a#minority#community#within#a#
larger#mainstream#that#is#non&Jewish.#
Judaism#is#Europe#becomes#the#target#of#persecution#and#discrimination#that#enacts#itself#quite#
often#in#horrifying#ways,#particularly#during#periods#of#stress#like#the#Bubonic#plague,#the#
development#of#ghettos,#especially#during#times#when#European#religious#nationalism#is#achieving#
its#height#&#around#the#time#of#the#Crusades.##
Judaism#fairs#better#in#the#areas#controlled#by#Muslim#empires,#not#uniformly#so,#there#are#periods#
of#persecution#as#well#but#a#little#bit#better.#
By#the#15th#century,#there#is#a#movement#to#rid#Europe#of#Jews,#large#scale#expulsion#of#Jewish#
people#and#communities#to#go#anywhere:#Middle#East,#North#Africa.#
As#a#result,#we#get#various#strands#of#Judaism:#
# &#The#Sephardic#Jews#(the#Sephardim)#
• Jewish#communities#that#came#from#Spain#and#moved#into#primarily#the#Middle##
East,#speak#Ladino,#blend#of#Latin#and#Middle#Eastern#languages#
# &#The#dominant#European#strand#is#the#Ashkenazim##
• They#speak#Yiddish,#dominantly#European#people##
# &#The#Mizrahim#
• Jewish#communities#of#North#Africa#
All#of#these#different#strands#came#together#in#the#creation#of#Israel#in#1948#and#led#to#cultural#
diversity#and#linguistics#in#Israel.#
—————————————#
Judaism#in#the#Modern#Period#
• Protestantism:#Christianity#eventually#ends#up#sub&dividing#into#denominations,#the#two#
biggest#being#Catholic#and#Protestant,#inZluenced#by#Martin#Luther#
• Martin#Luther#admired#Judaism#greatly#but#when#the#Jews#refused#to#convert#to#
Christianity,#he#got#extremely#angry#at#the#Jews#and#perpetuating#a#lot#of#myths#about#
Jews#like#they#murdered#Christian#children#and#they#used#their#blood#in#their#rituals,#etc#
• The#experience#of#Jews#didn’t#get#better#after#Protestantism#
• The#narrative#that#we’re#discussing#is#the#experience#of#a#minority#community#in#
relation#to#a#much#more#powerful#community#which#can#be#horrifyingly#dreadful#
• In#the#middle#ages,#we#still#see#a#lot#of#Jewish#growth,#Jewish#philosophers,#evolution#of#
several#sects#of#Judaism#
• One#of#the#sects#that#develops#in#the#17th#century#is#Hasidism#—#a#movement#within#
Judaism#that#looks#to#recover#a#more#mystical#connection#with#the#divine,#Hasidism#
wants#to#approach#Jewish#practices#through#music,#dance,#contemplation,#simpler#
means,#not#so#much#scholastically#related#but#through#telling#stories#
• The#next#major#event#is#the#ascent#of#Napoleon#after#the#French#Revolution#
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