“papa” and later “pope” who self-claims himself to be the most spiritually important
dude and the Catholic system adopts a hierarchy. Not everyone agrees.
After the Fall of the Roman Empire, the shit hits the fan and everyone starts to see
the unity provided by the bishop of Rome and his hierarchy as more necessary than
ever. With the Franks – 8th cent, another kind of centralized European leadership
came around: Charlemagne who was crowned as a Holy Roman emperor by the
Church in 800 CE. **Pope confers power to Emperor (has greater authority)** Since
he’s being crowned, it implies that the Church has greater power, he unites
significant parts of Europe under his domain . Church has claimed superiority over
political institutions. Here starts the Holy Roman Empire - major political
institution of Europe, Western Christianity. Church: spiritual side of Europe; Holy
Roman Empire: political side (two institutions that are theoretically working
together for common causes).
The Holy Roman Empire wasn’t Roman, or an Empire, or particularly Holy. The
Pope and the different politicians have different agendas and scandals arise, so
came the Dark Ages. At some point there was three popes, some of them father
bastards… - multiple Popes, papacy relocated. Too bad!
Meanwhile, the Byzantine Empire with the Eastern Orthodox Church is totally
separate from all this crap and has a different flavour of Christianity.
Development of two distinct varieties of Christianity
1: prevails in Europe, uses Latin, liturgy (Western Christianity)
claims prominence (based on martyrdom of St. Peter in Rome -- site particularly
anticipated, blessed by Jesus, meant to be centre of Christianity); bishop of Rome =
Pope (the preeminent of the bishops); adopts Latin as language of Church, ritual,