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Lecture

Early Caliphate, Sectarian Divisions, Islamic law, Cultural Spheres

2 Pages
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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay

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Early Caliphate, Sectarian Divisions, Islamic law, Cultural Spheres
Reading: Ch. 4 “The Islamic Tradition,” pp. 217-257
November 22
nd
, 2010.
Umayyad Dynasty rules from Syria for 90 years
During t his period, witness rapid expansion of Islam under the Ummayans
Ummayan Caliphs extend boundaries of Muslim state across North Afr ica to
Spain, France, and the West, and Eastern side up to river Indus (present day
Pakistan)
Replaced by Abbasid Dynasty in year 750
Under Abbasid Dynasty, capital of Is lam moves to Baghdad or present day Iraq
And under Abbasid, witness development of strategies for integrating various
Muslim communities
Under Abbasids witness evolution of integrating these communities
See the f lowering of legal schools, various t heological schools
Flowering of art, architecture, Muslim philosophy
Expansion of trade, military strategy
In this period, scholars made strides in intellectual and creative endeavours, e.g.
mathematics, geog raphy, astronomy, study of other languages – all occupations
achieved certain degree of ascendancy under Abbasids
See close study and scrutiny of Qur’an
Extrapolating from Qur’an, messages of daily life
Developments in area of law
Major accomplishment – study of science and philosophy
During t his period that Muslim scholars in a climate of material prosperity,
rediscover the classics of the Greeks, Aristotle, Plato, etc
Muslims read, engage with, discuss philosophy and t hrough Arab study of these
texts and translations, reflections of these texts t at they become re-available to
European continent in different sor t of way, particularly in geographic areas of
Spain and Portugal
See philosophical endevaours of all traditions developing in engagement with
classical philosophy – through this renewed engagement with Greek philosophy,
artistic endeavours we w itness Renaissance period, the hay day of Muslim art,
architectures, intellectual activity
How to live ones life – Islam is about surrendering ones ego to the will of God
Where to get guidance? The Qur’an
See increasing reliance on reports about Muhammad’s actions and ways of doing
things – Sunnah
Over course of centur ies after death of Muhammad, see massive proliferation of
stories about life of Muhammad and increasing reliance on these stor ies
Within couple years, 6000 stories about his life
Muslims see need to differentiate b/w them – some stor ies contradictory
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Description
Early Caliphate, Sectarian Divisions, Islamic law, Cultural Spheres Reading: Ch. 4 The Islamic Tradition, pp. 217-257 nd November 22 , 2010. Umayyad Dynasty rules from Syria for 90 years During this period, witness rapid expansion of Islam under the Ummayans Ummayan Caliphs extend boundaries of Muslim state across North Africa to Spain, France, and the West, and Eastern side up to river Indus (present day Pakistan) Replaced by Abbasid Dynasty in year 750 Under Abbasid Dynasty, capital of Islam moves to Baghdad or present day Iraq And under Abbasid, witness development of strategies for integrating various Muslim communities Under Abbasids witness evolution of integrating these communities See the flowering of legal schools, various theological schools Flowering of art, architecture, Muslim philosophy Expansion of trade, military strategy In this period, scholars made strides in intellectual and creative endeavours, e.g. mathematics, geography, astronomy, study of other languages all occupations achieved certain degree of ascendancy under Abbasids See close study and scrutiny of Quran Extrapolating from Quran, messages of daily life
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