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Lecture

Rituals and Practice, the Modern Period

3 Pages
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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay

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Rituals and Practice, the Modern Period
Reading: Ch. 2 “The Jewish Tradition,” pp. 101-128
October 18th, 2010.
Modern Judaism
Protestant move is major turning point for Christian evolution in denominations
Martin Luther expressed considerable regard for Jewish community
1923 he published pamphletJesus was born a Jew – “Jews are blood relation of
our Lord”
Jews continued to be resistant to conversion of Christianity and his attitude
became more hostile towards Jews
Later in life wroteIf Jews refused to be converted, we ought not to bear with
them any longer”
Until modern period, the period of the enlightenment – democratic rights, rational
inquiry, scientific inquiry, real critique of religion and reliance of religion
Lowering of class barriers
French Revolution Propagated ideas that people are created equal; Jews
received rights of full citizenship; Napoleon calls meetings of elders of Jewish
communities in France and asks them if they want to be French citizens or be
ghettoized community; Napoleon abolished ghettos and released Jews into world
at large; throughout Europe Jews were asked to stay in ghetto or assimilate into
European society, what is a nominally Christian culture
By staying in ghetto, Jews managed to retain culture, yet after assimilating into
society, they were dispersed and formed sects
Mendelssohan lived in late 18th century died just before French Revolution –
referred to as father of modern Judaism. Broke though restriction taking full
advantage of liberal atmosphere encouraged by period of enlightenment. Studied
in Berlin, made friends with leading German intellectuals. Became kind of
personage that many non-Germans would have liked to have been; gifted kind of
character. View was Jews need to come out of ghetto and end their self-
confinement, physically and intellectually enter into mainstream German culture
and participate as full citizen within larger society. Insisted his people should
study secular subjects in secular school system and should mix socially and
intellectually with gentiles. Fear among his community he would end up
converting to Christianity but he didnt.
Sects of Judaism
Reform Judaism
Generally associated with Abraham Geiger (19th century)
Introduced Judaism with emphasis on ethics
Argued Judaism needs to allow evolution in doctrine
Jewish practice does not always need to rest in revealed doctrine
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Rituals and Practice, the Modern Period Reading: Ch. 2 The Jewish Tradition, pp. 101-128 th October 18 , 2010. Modern Judaism Protestant move is major turning point for Christian evolution in denominations Martin Luther expressed considerable regard for Jewish community 1923 he published pamphlet Jesus was born a Jew Jews are blood relation of our Lord Jews continued to be resistant to conversion of Christianity and his attitude became more hostile towards Jews Later in life wrote If Jews refused to be converted, we ought not to bear with them any longer Until modern period, the period of the enlightenment democratic rights, rational inquiry, scientific inquiry, real critique of religion and reliance of religion Lowering of class barriers French Revolution Propagated ideas that people are created equal; Jews received rights of full citizenship; Napoleon calls meetings of elders of Jewish communities in France and asks them if they want to be French citizens or be ghettoized community; Napoleon abolished ghettos and released Jews into world at large; throughout Europe Jews were asked to stay in ghetto or assimilate in
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