Modern judaism: protestant move is major turning point for christian evolution in denominations, martin luther expressed considerable regard for jewish community, 1923 he published pamphlet jesus was born a jew jews are blood relation of. Broke though restriction taking full advantage of liberal atmosphere encouraged by period of enlightenment. Studied in berlin, made friends with leading german intellectuals. Became kind of personage that many non-germans would have liked to have been; gifted kind of character. View was jews need to come out of ghetto and end their self- confinement, physically and intellectually enter into mainstream german culture and participate as full citizen within larger society. Insisted his people should study secular subjects in secular school system and should mix socially and intellectually with gentiles. Fear among his community he would end up converting to christianity but he didn"t. Reform judaism: generally associated with abraham geiger (19th century, argued judaism needs to allow evolution in doctrine.