01:10:12 LECTURE #4
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3 Major Movements in Modern Judaism
Reform Judaism (smallest one yet challenged the rest)
Orthodox (this is Rabbinic Judaism more or less as it continues)
Conservative (lies between the two, believes in the upholding in the Halakha
but believes that it can be developed).
Reform Judaism (radical)
Religious law is called Halakha but it put limitations to the lives of European
The notion of progressive revelation: for every age in time there is a specific
Each age has its own truth and way of being Jewish. The Halakha was the
principle problem for the European Jews.
Reform Judaism is a way of living by the Halakha in a different way. If you call
for reform, you are going against the authority of Rabbis and the Talmud.
The Halakha was based on ethical principles that were applicable for biblical
times but they aren’t as applicable anymore.
Darwin’s evolution theory supported the Reform Judaism’s idea of social
evolution, that you can be Jewish and uphold the covenant and still follow the
Platforms: a reform movement (every 10 years or so) summary
Philadelphia Platform (1869): Made up of 7 major points
o 1. This notion of a Messiah that is Jewish isn’t true. (Doesn’t have to be
specifically a Jewish person or descendant of David).
o 2. Understanding of redemption and punishment. The second
destruction of the Temple was NOT a punishment; it was to spread
them so they could spread God’s glory among many nations.
o 3. We’re all priestly people who are equal in front of God.
o 4TH ONE HE DIDN’T MENTION LOLS
o 5. Election – in what sense is Israel special? Israel has a burden…
o 6. No resurrection.
o 7. Revival of the Hebrew language – it becomes central
Exam question: Give me a synopsis/summary of Genesis.
Hebrew Bible/Old Testament ( O.T. is the Christian name and doesn’t include
New Testament which is Christian
Collection of 24 books that constitute the canon of Jewish tradition (you
cannot add or take away from it).
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