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RLG280Y1 Lecture Notes - Pralaya, Crete, Vedas

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Walid Saleh

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Dec 5th: India
The Vedas (knowledge), the earliest layer of this tradition
Vedic religion; when practiced 600 BCE
5 characteristics; fundamental
Nothing escapes our creations (Vedas- three ways)
Vedas; infused with the concept of warrior religion (upper class)
Sacrificial ritual- was effective; the universe functions because of the sacrifice
Naturism: in which the gods were not separate from nature
This functions wells until you are settled in cities (not nomadic)
The issues of violence where intense
The three religions from Vedas
o Jainism- no Vedas
o Buddhism- no Vedas
o And Hinduism kept Vedas in different ways
Upanishads Indic world; share foundations
Time comes like a wave in Jainism, Hinduism is in cycles
Time of total perfection; humans comprehending deep knowledge
o They can listen to the Vedas of the universe
Bad time we are living in Kali
o Diseases, violence, this time will we end in a catalytic end
o From there comes a new creation
The four cycles:
o Creta uga
o Threa uga
o The para uga
o Kali uga
Pralaya = total destruction of the universe; then new beginning called Sarga
(not from nothing, just less)
Each cycle takes a long time
Samsara = running/flowing together, endless process; the waves of life
o Fundamental; our experience of the existence
o Existence is the problem
o The world is unsatisfactory
o To be in this samsara is a problem
Samsara is the cycle of birth and death; this realm of flux ; experienced by
every creature
o Unsatisfactory
Reincarnation = Punar Janma
o The soul wears a body like a cloth
o Transformation from one to another doesn’t mean its over/destroyed
o We push time along its path
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