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Lecture 4

RLG204Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Qisas, Hyperbole, Law And Justice

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Laury Silvers

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Rlg204 Oct/2/13
- 1. Definitions of the quran and important terms
- 2. Oral characteristics of the quran
- Quran definitions: for muslims the quran is th e word of god in the rabic language as revealed to
Muhammad through the angel over 23 years.
- During the reign of the claip uthman, companions collected the recitation of the quran from
copanios who had memmorizedit and collected what was preserved in writing. They came to a
consensus on which recitations were soundand where not. They wrote3 down what they
osideed sou ia asusipt ko as the uthai ode.
- Some people were writing down verses from the quran, people were memorizing.
- Muslimssays: one quran, no change, perfect and complete as Muhammad received.
- The quran is exactly as Muhammad recited.
- Scholars say that what exactly Muhammad said is different than what we hear?
- When we talk bout a book being exact, we talk bout a book in shelf.
- But ith oal it’s a it oe diffeet.
- Academic definition:
- Aadeis hae a ue of diffeet pespeties o the |Qu’a. |Fo eaple, Joh
Wasoough agued that the |Qu’a deeloped oe hudseds of eas out of jeish,
Christian, and arab sources.
- Others might argue that the quran as we have it today is record of what selected companions
agreed best represented what they herd Muhammad recite.
- We do’t sa i a aadei otet is eatl hat Muhaad said. Dfiffeee
betweenfaithful and academic definition; represents what the companions said he recited.
The prophetic Prototype:
- The prophetic prototype pis a term used by behnam sadeghi for the quran that Muhammad
- Through the analysis of existing manuscript varianst that different from uthmanic codex, sadeghi
argues that the uthmanic codex is most likely the best representative available of the prophetic
- Aside fo ies like asough’s a aadei perspective would not typically argue that the
ua that e hae is hat Muhaad eited, ut athe a epesetatio of it.
- Early scholars openly talk bout the quran
- A book culture is different than how they understood it back in the day
- He looks at the differencesand he found looking through variants, uthamanic codex represents
this …. . oeaiat ill disagee ith the uthai ode ad oe illagee … it is the est
representation of the prophetic prototype.
- Aai Qu’a: ia shafi’I,eas o loa ods, pessios,o loa ateial. A pue laguage
that came out ofnowehre, and it has no any otherlanguages or no expressions that the ua …
why would he say this? At his time, the emprie is expanding. All these peopleandscholars, are
claiming to know a thing or two about the quran or the hadith. Arab scholars are bothered by
how the otherscholars ..
- No one that is not born arab or canspeak rabic does not have any right to put their own opinion
iwithin the quran.
- Arabic is a language like any other.
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