Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
UTSG (50,000)
RLG (800)
Lecture

October 5, 2012 Lecture


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG210Y1
Professor
Joseph Bryant

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 8 pages of the document.
10/5/2011 3:09:00 PM
Most theoretical perspective on religion offer variations on 2 fundamental
insights:
Religion as ‘projection/reflection”- that is, representations understandings of
the divine or transcendent correspond to aspects of particular social-
historical conditionshuman beings are reflecting upon themselves in
imagining the divine realm.
Religion as “social control”—that is, religions are part of the power structures
of society, and functions to legitimize existing hierarchies, while also
disciplining and controlling the members of the group or society.
With PROJECTION THEORY, the divine is modeled after the human order
our hopes, fears desires practices etc,, find reflections and legitimization in
the depiction of a divine order.
With SOCIAL COTROL THEORY, the divine functions as a form of
“supernatural police”, monitoring human conduct, rewarding and inflicting
punishments(now or later, here or in the beyond, ) afterlife or heaven-hell
distinctions provide political moral support for the world
Get the info ob these dudes
Xenophanes
Aristotle
K???
Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-72) offers a historical-philosophical analysis of
religion
The Essence of Christianity(1841)- his book
Theology is anthropology- divine predicates are human-, based on a na
imaginary projection
Feuerbach holds the humans project onto the Divine all their highest hopes,
and their anxieties, as is revealed by the predicates commonly attached to

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

the gods/God: all-knowing, good, compassionate, loving, omnipotent,
vengeful etc.
The Divine is a symbolic representation or expression of humanity’s
unfulfilled promise and aspirations- religion is an un recognized projection of
human concerns, fears, hopes and ideals onto hypothetical, imaginary
beings….
= in religions, we are worshipping the products of our own minds
(religion is a creation of human mind and the divine beings we create are
essentially a creation of our own mind and we are bowing down to these
imaginary beings to solve our most fundamental problems)
Feuerbach: Religion is an imaginative dream of the human mind. But even in
dreams we do not find yourselves in emptiness of in heaven, but on earth in
the realm of reality….” P.xix
“Religion is the solemn unveiling of mans hidden treasures’” p.13
Every advance in religion is an advance of human self-knowledgereligion is
a domain wherein humans comes to define themselves
Man- this is the mystery of religionprojects his being into objectivity, and
the gain makes himself an object to this projected image of himself that’s
converted into a subject.” P29-30
God is the highest subjectivity of man abstracted from himself” p 31
God, i.e., limitless subjectivity” p128
“What man praises and approves, that is God to him…Religion is a
judgment
Providence is the conviction of man of the infinite vale of his existence
Gods love for me is nothing else than my self-love denied’ p 105
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

(he thinks Christianity is the highest from of religious talk that human beings
have come up with. he comes to the conclusion that god is what human
beings approve him, he is essential what is considered perfection by
humans. By looking at a groups god you can determine what values and
characteristics the group approves of, as their god will have all those
characteristics. Providence or divine providence is gods divine plan- when
humans resort to the language of providence it is basically means everything
ahs happened according to divine will, some of it we understand, some we
don’t)
“ the ultimate essence of religion is revealed by the simplest act of religion—
prayer” and Prayer is ”the human soul giving ear to itself” “prayer is the
unconditional confidence of human feeling—over Nature” pg 122 “Where
there are no wishes there are no gods”
“Faith is nothing else than confidence in the reality of the subjective in
opposition to the limits of Nature and reason.” P.126 “Faith unfetters the
wishes of subjectivity”
“belief in the heavenly life is belief in the worthlessness and nothingness of
this life” p.161
“heaven is the existence adequate to my wishes” P.174
the life to come is “the present life freed from that which appears a
limitation or an evil”
( Prayer is the unconditional confidence of human feeling over nature
nature is there in a sense to constrain or limit our subjectivity (looking for
food, aging, survival) prayer is a tool humans use to ask to be relieved form
nature- praying for miraculous cures- looking for divine intervention to
overcome nature)
Religion as ALIENATIONempowering the divine entails the diminution of
Man, in seeking supernatural deliverance humanity avoids full responsibility
for its own affairsinjustices, oppressions, cruelties, etc.vesting our hopes
in imaginary beings of our own projection, human beings shirk responsibility
for rectifying the ills of the world.
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version