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March 28.docx

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Joseph Bryant

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March 28, 12
- Markers: ENLIGHTENMENT (over „superstition‟ – Voltaire, Rousseau,
et al.)
- Secularization process not over night features conflict
between secularity and religion.
- SCIENCE (over faith) science becomes increasingly the source of
authority scientific principles at work.
- REASON (over dogma) no more insisting on sacred truths
reasoning through.
- TECHNOLOGY and this-worldly fulfillment (afterlife is remote,
- For the Enlightenment thinkers, traditional religion was a dated
superstition, a product of humanity‟s infancy and ignorance; with
the rise of Science, practical reason and technological progress
would displace or supplant the religious worldview.
- ^Occupies the role to fulfill needs and desires instead of looking for
sacred or supernatural assistance.
- Marx religion as social alienation
- Freud religion as illusion, wish-fulfillment.
- Weber Rationalization all aspects of life moving to formal
means-ends efficiencies, and Disenchantment the world is
calculable, manageable through technical-rational means of
organization (bureaucracy), social relations based on law, contract
decline of the supernatural as a regulative framework of
understanding and action…
- ^Modern societies were moving increasingly in the direction of
formal rationality. The need for standardizing arrangements in
- ^Substantive rationality the outcome is better.
- ^Formal rationality simply operate according to rules.
- ^Earlier forms of justice is more relevant.
- Sacred scriptures lost sacred aura through critical analysis.
applied the same thing to the history of Christianity losing luster.
- ^Scholars began to situate religious traditions in wider contexts
ex. Noah story synonymous with older stories.
- Robin Horton historically, there have been two major
aspects/concerns of religious life:
- 1) “manipulation” i.e. explanation/prediction/control: as
explanatory systems accounts of why things are the way they
are, how they come about, etc. religious worldviews offer a
comprehension of reality i.e., they make a kosmos and thus
afford us a measure of practical direction/control in our dealings
with the everyday space-time world.
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