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Lecture

RLG323H1 Lecture Notes - Historical Jesus, Messianic Secret, New Testament Apocrypha


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG323H1
Professor
Sarah Rollens

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RLG323 September 10, 2012 Lecture Summary
- Focuses on the historical emergence of the Historical Jesus (HJ)
- 3 Quests
- 1st Quest
- Enlightenment- 20th century
- Beginning signs of studying Christianity from a historical rational perspective and not just
theologically
- Reimarus Fragments (Diest)
- 1st critical reconstruction of Jesus
- Strauss’ Kritisch Bearbeitet took two positions
- Focus on supernatural (belief in text) and rationalism (retain parts of text that fit into history)
- Strauss influenced by Hegel, notion that history evolves and becomes more sophisticated
- Christianity seen as a myth because not sophisticated (miracles)
- Renan’s Vie de Jesus
- Romantic Jesus, do human things, miracles not authentic
- Wredes Das Messiasgeheimnis in den Evengelien
- Messianic secret
- First time earliest story (Mark) called into question
- Schweitzer’s “The Quest for the Historical Jesus”
- Notion Jesus apocalyptic prophet
- The Second Quest
- Historical/tradition criticism
- New emphasis on Greco-Roman background
- New methods of biblical studies
- Third Quest
- New emphasis on Jewish context
- Focus on type of Judaism (religious, political, ethnic)
- Goal to show Jesus Jewish or how so
- Beyond the Third Quest
- Focus on trends
- Appreciation for apocryphal Gospels
- More focus on anthro/soc backgrounds
- Less emphasis on “criterion of dissimilarity”
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