ENV221H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: John Stuart Mill, Immanuel Kant, Categorical Imperative

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29 Nov 2018
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Reflect a person"s belief about the meaning ,operation, and essence of the world. Note: not everyone believe in the same thing. Different worldviews can study the same situation, review identical data, but draw different conclusions. Worldview is: how a person understand the world around them. Influenced by: religion and spiritual beliefs, share experience, culture, political ideology, economic factors. Branch of philosophy that involved the study of good and bad, right and wrong. Set of moral principles or value held by an individual or society. Depending on the situation (e. g. maybe it is okay to steal if you"re hungry) Univerlists: there exist some fundamental, objective notions of right and wrong, good and bad. Criteria to help differentiate right from wrong. Categorical imperative (propose by immanuel kant) similar to the golden rule: Do unto others as you would have other do unto you . Utilitarian principle (john stuart mill): something is right when it produces the greatest practical benefits for most people.

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