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October 11.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
School of Environment
E N V221

October 11, 2012 One-half to three-fourths can reduce household energy losses by using better insulation, glass and general sealing procedures We have relied on cheap energy to build our economy, predominantly using fossil fuels Concerns over climate change and dwindling finite resource should encourage us to move towards more renewable energy sources Also there is real hope that energy conservation and efficiencies to help us make this transition UNFCC  United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change  An international environmental treaty negotiated at the Earth Summit in 19992  Objective to Stabilize greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system  COP conference of the parties meet annually  COP18  November in Qatar Kyoto Protocol  Negotiated in 1997 and entered into force in 2005  Developed nations pledge to reduce emissions by an average of 5% by 2008- 2012  191 states signed and ratified as of 2011  Canada committed to reducing by 6% of 1990. Did not happen  Flexible mechanisms: emissions trading, clean development mechanism and joint implementation Common but differentiated responsibility  Largest share of historical and current global emissions of GHGs originated in developed countries  Per capita emissions in developing countries are still relatively low  Share of global emissions originating in developing countries will grow to meet social and development needs Canada’s Emission Story  From 1988-2000  Shifting targets  Changing strategies and policy instruments  Energy efficiencies and alternative energy  Information programs and small subsidies  Voluntary chal
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