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March 29 - part 1 only

School of Environment
Course Code
Mairi Mac Donald

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Thursday, March 29, 2011
Prof, MacDonald
Evaluation of efforts in society, state, market and by individuals P.1
give yourself at least 30 mins for each essay question
go through lecture notes, syllabus and find the common themes for possible questions
it is a Scantron exam
wrapping up course: 1st half of next Tuesday review - 2nd half exam question
The Individual
one thing found by prof: psychology is not used as much as economics for analyzing the self-
interests of the individual
analogous - analogy breaks down - thus individuals are not really looked at as subjects to
The single human being
Three units of analysis w/in social sciences: the group, the individual, the organization
organization: is a form of power
group: a number of individuals that share common ideas
organization: they are bounded by a set of rules, it vastly decreases the power of the collective
Uncoordinated individuals have almost no power
difficult to see individual as unique b/c ideas will come from the larger group, and behaviours
will come from the system of the group
Environment defined as that which lies outside the individual
environment against nature
this lends to psychological concepts of alienation: since it is outside of me it does not affect me
and I have no responsibility
connection: the need to connect is the problem of humans in trying to connect with their
also there is this connotation of nature as the natural i.e. the “non-human manufactured”; the
we are interested in attitudes towards nature vs attitude towards everything else
difficulty: where does nature stop and human artifacts begin
Factors influencing actors before nature
demographics such as gender, race, status - readings state that they are not that significant
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