March 17 lecture - behind schedule

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Thursday, March 22, 2011
Prof. MacDonald
ENV222HS
The state - international
Final Paper
this is a research paper - based on a certain quantity of research
there is a total of six references required (marks taken off for less than that)
The Role of the State in global and domestic issues
world politics: government rests within states and therefore w/in the border of states
Due to sovereignty there is no global governance
How in this anarchic society do we ever see cooperation?
globalization: at its core - technological changes means that we can move goods and services
fairly quickly and fairly cheaply
difficulty: our ability to co-ordinate is impeded b/c states can only govern within their own
borders
co-operating in order to achieve security
countries had to reach agreements to allow trade and commerce to cross borders
it is in the interest of each state to co-operate
all of the forms of global cooperation are driven by the self-interest of each state
also faced w/the collective problem (one problem crosses borders)
The tragedy of the commons (will be in the exam)
basic premise is that nobody can achieve their basic interest/objective by acting rationally
alone.
they need a system of rule to protect the resource, and to have cooperation
they need to act together when faced w/a problem they cannot solve by themselves
e.g. global warming
the wrinkle: not all states have the same interests thus they do not have the same modes of co-
operation (different approaches)
youve got the basic model of rational co-operation but the wrinkle is the difference of self-
interests
there is this internal process w/in each state to define those interests, thus there is an internal
problem
governing: what the state can do
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Document Summary

Final paper this is a research paper - based on a certain quantity of research there is a total of six references required (marks taken off for less than that) The role of the state in global and domestic issues: world politics: government rests within states and therefore w/in the border of states, due to sovereignty there is no global governance. we see a lot of new forms of governance between states and non-state actors thus we need to expand the definition of these north/south: industrialized nations/developing south (varying from tiny states all the way up to. international oceans - global atmosphere: once you get up to a certain height (stratosphere, ozone layer and climate change) transboundary problems: crossing borders through air or water (regional seas - baltic or. local but cumulative problems: forests which are located within borders but the global health depends on these forests.

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