Empirical method lecture

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University of Toronto St. George
School of Environment
Mairi Mac Donald

Tuesday, February 8, 2011 Prof. MacDonald ENV222H1S Development of the Empirical Method introduction to York 2009: opens with event on July 16, 1945 1st test of nuclear bomb on Hiroshima eventually brought WWII to an end reading talks about scientist who designed the bomb. When he had seen what that destruction was done, he said I have become death, the destructor of the world. in talking about the destruction of the environment there is nothing more powerful than the nuclear weapon we have a future of humans dominating nature to the point where we can manipulate nature like the natural world did millions of years ago The machine technology defined as the physical use of the machine distinction between applied knowledge (which can be used to create more machines) vs theoretical knowledge (that builds the machine) The Manhattan Project (1940 - 1941): with theoretical knowledge there was a fear that they could develop a deadly weapon contrast between the Manhattan Projects organizational capacity (it did not result from one sole human being) with Newtons study doing experiments wthe retraction of life all by himself our knowledge stems from our organizational capacity Revolutions Agricultural revolution Transition in Europe from feudalism to the modern world The scientific revolution The industrial revolution - coming after the development of the empirical method (mid 1600s) but its not really caused by the scientific revolution technology may have actually caused the scientific revolution by the development of machinery - technology as a causal element it is later (1945 nuclear bomb test) when we have theoretical science: knowledge turned into machinery it helps to keep the distinction between scientific vs industrial revolution as the picture out of the lecture is one of intermixing of these two to produce the current state of affairs Scientific revolution - what is the empirical method? www.notesolution.com
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