SLA104H1 Lecture 5: SLA104 Lecture 5

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University of Toronto St. George
Slavic Languages and Literatures
Davor Piskac

Lecture 5: Ideal city, happy town On concepts of the cities in the Mediterranean • “Mediterranean cities, which experts claims create villages around and for themselves... and seals, banners and shields. • … no one can know all the peoples living along the… or the two together”. (13,76) The “seed of the city” • What does a village have that a city doesn’t? o Cities have a theatre o Why would a city want to have a theatre? • Why don’t villages have palaces? • What is the city? o Important buildings o Organized due to large population o Attractions o Different sources of production o * Relatively permanent and highly organized centre of population, of greater size or importance than a town or village o Given to certain urban communities by virtue of some legal of conventional distinction that can vary between regions or nations • Urban community o In most cases, however, the concept of city refers to a particular type of community, the urban community, and its culture, known as “urbanism” o Inhabited place, demographic consideration of prime importance in the concept of the city o City is larger than the town and village o Opposition to countryside o Lures of the city ▪ Economic ▪ Geographical ▪ Ecological ▪ Military ▪ Ideological ▪ -Charles Gates, Ancient Cities. The archaeology of urban life in the Ancient near east and Egypt, Greece and Rome (2003) ▪ City is characterized by its functions ▪ Ceremonial, ritual role, administrative center, commercial centre, combination ▪ Cities are product of socially stratified societies ▪ Social distinctions among population; social hierarchy o “The city is a relatively large, dense and permanent settlement of socially heterogenous individuals” Understanding the city • Urban infrastructure • Planning • City life • Appearance Cities in the Mediterranean • Near East o Anetdates several centuries cities in Med. o 5 millennium BC ▪ Oldest settlements in Med. ▪ Athens and Greece o Unplanned and planned cities o 5 century BCE ▪ First mention of a city planner ▪ Miletos Features of med. City • Greek\ o Community of citizens sharing common pol, relig and soc traditions • Roman o More emphasis to be put on the physical aspects of the city • -E.J Owens, The City in the Greek and Roman world Defence cities were located with a view to the natural defensive qualities of the site Symbol of city’s independence and the last place of regude for its inhabitants • Greek: Acropolis • Roman:
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