SLA104H1 Lecture 6: SLA104 Lecture 6

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Slavic Languages and Literatures
Davor Piskac

Vitruvius, 1 century BCE • Books on architecture and town planning • De Archtiectura – 10 books • Firmitas, utilitas, ventustas • Solidity, usefulness, beauty • Architecture is an imitation of nature The new Roman city • Rome’s early colonies were military, but they were also agricultural and commercial • Latin word colonia emphasizes the agricultural notion implicit in the foundation of a new Roman city • Imp. Factor influenced the development of Roman town planning was land surveying • Intimate and reciprocal relationship between the town and country, city controlled and exploited territory surrounding it • Water and drainage o Keep clean, no disease Urban infrastructure • Way in which city walls communicate with the street system • Water o Aqueducts o Use of arches ▪ Good support for the structure • Drainage • Military purposes Medieval city in Mediterranean • Fortress • A fortified abbey • Roman nucleus Middle age towns • Many new towns built in the middle ages • Rather small towns • Planned cities • Regularity in their plan form • Streets are often straight and laid out at right angles to one another • House lots are rectangular • Akko, Acre, Israel • Dubrovnik, Croatia • Veliki Tabor, Croatia Renaissance city in Mediterranean • Ideal city • Fra carnevale, around 1480 • Greece (many gods)Rome (same gods)Rome 1 (one god) • In medieval, all art connected with Christian theology • “Rigid attitude towards the world” • In the Renaissance o God connected to humans, help humans develop o Encouraged authorship (?) o Before renaissance, humanity was not free. When we are free, we develop and humanity starts to grow • Francesco Petrarch o Humanism o Liberation of man in the mind, exploded into art and lit. • Perspective in art o Mona Lisa ▪ Use of visible perspective Contemplating the ideal city • Fountain, symbol of life o Center of fountain w a Roman god • Colosseum, church • “Beauty of the antique” • Palmanova, Italy • Karlovac, Croatia o Use of walls as protection, triangular walls o Longer periods of peace, and thus, ability to create a culture Francisco Patricio • The Happy won, 1553 • Thomas More, Utopia, 1516 o Fictional society
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