SMC203Y1 Lecture Notes - Social Mobility, Pontifex Maximus

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The underlying concern for the state of rome was to maintain peace and social order and upholding the interests of the roman state. Crucifixion = most painful form of state punishment. They chose this b/c it was an intimidating and public form of punishment. Rome was one of many powers in the 4th century bc. By 148 bc it had conquered all of italy, greece, and carthage. By 120 bc they"ve expanded into modern day france & germany. Augustus caesar came to power after his uncle julius caesar was assassinated. Used to be called octavian before coming to power. Augustus caesar is really considered the founder of roman empire b/c under his reign. The pax romana-close to 150 years of relative peace & social order. Roads and relative stability allowed christianity to spread. The roman empire at this time was centered around 4 major cities: rome, antioch,

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