SMC203Y1 Lecture Notes - Social Mobility, Pontifex Maximus

9 views3 pages
Published on 17 Nov 2011
School
Course
SMC203-Lecture 2
September 14, 2011
Roman Empire
Augustus Caesar 31 BC-15 AD
Pax Romana
Pax Deorum
Pagan religion
Peace & Social Order
The underlying concern for the state of Rome was to maintain peace and social order and
upholding the interests of the Roman state.
Crucifixion = most painful form of state punishment.
They chose this b/c it was an intimidating and public form of punishment.
City of Rome founded in 753
Rome was one of many powers in the 4th century BC
By 148 BC it had conquered all of Italy, Greece, and Carthage
Hannibal-general of Carthage
By 120 BC they’ve expanded into modern day France & Germany
By 62 BC they’ve taken over Syria
By 30 BC they’ve conquered Egypt
Augustus Caesar came to power after his uncle Julius Caesar was assassinated.
Used to be called Octavian before coming to power
Augustus Caesar is really considered the founder of Roman Empire b/c under his reign
Rome solidified the majority of its territory
Under his reign began the Pax Romana
The Pax Romana-close to 150 years of relative peace & social order
Maintained by close to 30 legions…of military
They also had a good infrastructure
Roads and relative stability allowed Christianity to spread
The Roman Empire at this time was centered around 4 major cities: Rome, Antioch,
Carthage, and Alexandria.
Christianity first grows in these city centers.
The main languages – Latin was becoming most popular in the Western and in the
Eastern Greek.
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

The underlying concern for the state of rome was to maintain peace and social order and upholding the interests of the roman state. Crucifixion = most painful form of state punishment. They chose this b/c it was an intimidating and public form of punishment. Rome was one of many powers in the 4th century bc. By 148 bc it had conquered all of italy, greece, and carthage. By 120 bc they"ve expanded into modern day france & germany. Augustus caesar came to power after his uncle julius caesar was assassinated. Used to be called octavian before coming to power. Augustus caesar is really considered the founder of roman empire b/c under his reign. The pax romana-close to 150 years of relative peace & social order. Roads and relative stability allowed christianity to spread. The roman empire at this time was centered around 4 major cities: rome, antioch,

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.