SOC212H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Frank Tannenbaum, Differential Association, Labeling Theory

37 views7 pages
SOC212 Lecture 8 10/31/2012 12:06:00 PM
Exam 80 Questions, 2 hours
Make flash cards Sutherland-differential association, merton- strain theory
(major prepositions and criticisms); Think about interrupters (documentary)
what does it say about social disorganization (ie. Learning theory,
differential association) + the interrupters
Connection to Durkheim:
-Importance of social reactions to Deviance (Durkheim) Reaction
important to create group boundaries (this is acceptable and this isn’t)
-Social Reactions broken down into two questions:
1. What is defined as deviant
2. Who is defined as deviant
Labelling perspective focuses on 2nd question. Processes involved in labellign
someone as deviant is what we’re going to focus on primarily today.
Symbolic Interactionism
3 Premises:
1.People act toward humans and other things, obejects, according to the
meaning they have to them (ie. Sit on chair because that’s what it’s for, not
a table)
2.Interactions meanings (determine meanings)
3.Modification Process (individuals in turn modify meanings by different
situations) ie. Chairs are for sitting, but kids go sit on the island (in kitchen).
Over time,you modify that meaning
-Ex. Meaning changes from offender’s pov and how it changes over time the
have with other individuals ni that situation
-Ie. In a drugstore, 3 guys come in wanting gum and cigarettes, lady behind
counter thought they were going to rob her (and they did, fight, take
money)
-There is always an action that is defined by the situation
-Less deterministic in terms of cause and effect,
Labeling Theory:
-Far more concerned with the effect of environment on the individual than
vice versa. (environment as in criminal justice system; so impact of police
and courts have on individuals) They believe that criminals and delinquets
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
are relatively normal people and that serious offenders merge out of what
happened when people come out of process)
-Suggested that crime and deviance isn’t an inherent propert of individual,
but something that is confirmed by audience reaction, by those who have
the power to legislate for any crime you didn’t settle
-Becker social groups create deviance buy making the rules and by appling
rules to particular people and labeling them as outsiders. From this POV,
deviance is not the quality of the act the person commits. But, rather a
consequence of the of others of rules and sanctions to an offender
So the deviant is one to who the people label as deviant.
Frank Tannenbaum (wrote book Crime and Community) (1938)
-He argued that the final steps in the making of a serious delinquent not
when a child breaks the law, but when he becames meshed into the juvenile
system. From kids pov this is fun stuff, big problem when they don’t go to
school. Community has a different reaction (start to harden). So this boy
who was jjust a misichevious kid becames a delinquent. Labelling reall has a
n effect ont eh child (lasting impression) start to adopt the other view of
that. Tannenbaum called this the Dramatiziation of evil self fulfilling
prothecy
-It becames a way of stimulating, suggesting, emphasizing, and evoking the
person to become who they are described as being
-But when the community starts to react, and strt to label them as
delinquent, that affects childs first image.
-didn’t take into account that a lot of of delinquency goes undetected
Edwin Lemert (1951)
-Recognized that a lot of delinquency goes undetected and distinguished it
as primary deviance
1. Primary Deviance --- Deviance that goes unrecognized
There’s a lot of crimes that goes out there, but does it matter? It
doesn’t matter unless someone takes some action
-Child has to deal with teachers, parents, friends, peers, and those
in authorit. So to the extent that the labeled individual is sensitive
to the expectation of others, their behavior may not be
mirrorconventional/normal behavior any longer (rather they might
start thining of themselves criminal)
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Make flash cards sutherland-differential association, merton- strain theory (major prepositions and criticisms); think about interrupters (documentary) what does it say about social disorganization (ie. learning theory, differential association) + the interrupters. Importance of social reactions to deviance (durkheim) reaction important to create group boundaries (this is acceptable and this isn"t) Social reactions broken down into two questions: what is defined as deviant, who is defined as deviant. Processes involved in labellign someone as deviant is what we"re going to focus on primarily today. 1. people act toward humans and other things, obejects, according to the meaning they have to them (ie. sit on chair because that"s what it"s for, not a table) 3. modification process (individuals in turn modify meanings by different situations) ie. chairs are for sitting, but kids go sit on the island (in kitchen). Meaning changes from offender"s pov and how it changes over time the have with other individuals ni that situation.

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes