SOC212H1 Lecture Notes - Social Order, Marxism, Sweatshop

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26 Mar 2013
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Conflict and Radical Theories
I. Conflict Theory
- It moves away from the individual view of crime and goes towards political
and economical view
- According to conflict theory capitalist theory
oDefines what criminal behaviour is
oCreate conditions for conduction of crime
- this view became popular in 1970 and people started to respond to event
that were going on at the time
- they borrowed a lot from conflict and Marx
A. Overview
B. Roots
C. Grand Theory: Consensus vs. Conflict Perspectives
1. Assumptions of the consensus model- if change occurs it would be
because of catastrophic change, and since moral values are widely
shared, the delinquents are not part of the
They say that things are not everything is at equilibrium and
they don’t questions the basic underlying assumption
2. Assumptions of the conflict model – they focus on the importance of
social change and exercise of power by limited # of individual
Society is held together by the constrain and consensus
Social order is maintained by ruling class
Its in the interest of ruling class no to prosecute the white collar
crimes
We must concentrate on the distribution of crime, labels are
selectively applied to certain people
- Consensus – stability, society is well integrated, all elements have a function,
value consensus
- Conflict- change, those elements contribute to change, consensus is based on
coercion
D. Marxist Theory- German, during his life time you see the emergence of
western businesses, he has a dilatical theory
- He viewed history as trouble between economical classes
- But the consequence of that trouble led to better times – slavery feudalism
capitalism
- He also argued that each has its own source of down fall
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Document Summary

It moves away from the individual view of crime and goes towards political and economical view. According to conflict theory capitalist theory: defines what criminal behaviour is, create conditions for conduction of crime. This view became popular in 1970 and people started to respond to event that were going on at the time. They borrowed a lot from conflict and marx: overview, roots, grand theory: consensus vs. Conflict perspectives: assumptions of the consensus model- if change occurs it would be because of catastrophic change, and since moral values are widely shared, the delinquents are not part of the. Society is held together by the constrain and consensus. Social order is maintained by ruling class. Its in the interest of ruling class no to prosecute the white collar crimes. We must concentrate on the distribution of crime, labels are selectively applied to certain people. Consensus stability, society is well integrated, all elements have a function, value consensus.

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