SOC212H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Routine Activity Theory, Psych, Panopticism

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26 Jan 2016
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Classical theory: you are a potential criminal unless someone convinces you not to. Functionalism: you commit crime to deal with strain/anomie. Labelling: you are not a criminal until someone calls you one. Subcultural: you learn how to be criminal. Control: you are a potential criminal unless someone convinces you not to. Rational choice: people"s actions reflect their rational weighing of pros and. Hobbes: people are self-interested and will put their needs above others. Objectivism: base reactions on observable patterns rather than interpretation. Social disorganization: features of the social environment are important. Deterrence: people have to be convinced not to commit crime/deviance. Utilitarianism: law exist for the protection of the majority. Control theory: the emphasis is on barriers (or the lack of them), rather than the nature of the drives and needs . Deviance is attractive/fun/useful: that"s enough to explain why it happens. Law exists to protect the interests of the majority of citizens.

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