50% - covers 5 chapters of reading. Deviance as a subject matter is interesting but difficult to study, it can be normative in some countries (even extremes- homicide), it can be completely different in some countries. Context matters, it can change the nature of act (this is shown thru anthropologists) In some middle eastern countries, women who are raped or beaten are not victims but deviants themselves. At some point, women & children had no rights to themselves, merely just properties. Pre-marital sex/ giving birthday before marriage/ smoking inside building . etc. What gets defined deviance is the often a reflection of interest of the majority of the society or the ruling elites, Audiences is always important- how people view what is going on. Deviant is the one to whom the label has been successfully applies. Is deviance the made by social construction- people"s belief of whether it is rights/wrong.