01/16/2017 immigration policy is a state administered institution that guides the access to another territory immigration policy is designed to bring into the country people who will meet the needs of the labor market. Americas, and from africa to the americas (slave trade) in the 19th century, migration shifted to migration from africa and middle east to. Inequality and conflict: abuse of visa access, refugee claims, border security, terrorism, temporary immigration, transition to permanent status. In 1947, canada was able to grant citizenship separately from britain. Canada: there was a time when immigrants in canada preferred to learn. Three phases of economic development/immigration: agricultural (1860-1900, immigration to settle rural areas in the west, build railroads. Industrial (1900-1960: immigration to settle urban areas, renewed after wwii, post industrial (1960-present, high skilled immigration. The vertical mosaic: classic study by john porter published in 1965, established the ethnic hierarchy in canadian society, french/english, immigrant groups.