SOC312H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Marriage, Single Parent, Norm (Social)

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Chapter 5: Nuptiality Feb 5
Introduction
Marriage bust in industrialized countries?
o Has there been a bust in marriage?
o Alternative types, not traditional marriage
Decision to marry past vs. today
o Increase in divorce, getting married later
o Role of external circumstances vs. personal choice
Important reason why people get married
Historically, we seen ups and downs of marriage rates (that’s because of wars,
recessions)
External circumstances (ie. Wars)
But personal choice that’s today’s society; changes in individualism
Marriage used to be compulsory (expected to get married social norm)
o Common law relationships and raising children outside of matrimony
o Single parent households
o Same-sex households (see box on page 170)
Is growing diversity of family forms positive or negative?
Centrality of traditional marriage in question?
Nuptiality in Demographic Analysis
Definition
o Frequency or incidence of marriage in a population, but the demographic study of
nuptiality is broader…
o Not just studying incidence or frequency, demographers study the breaking of marriage,
other types of relationships, encompasses all aspects of family formation, divorce,
widowhood, and redial marriage
First marriage has been a key variable of study
Nuptiality as process
o Movement across marital states (Fig 5.1)
Measures of Nuptiality
Crude marriage rate= Marriage/Population *1000
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Document Summary

Marriage bust in industrialized countries: has there been a bust in marriage, alternative types, not traditional marriage. Decision to marry past vs. today: increase in divorce, getting married later, role of external circumstances vs. personal choice. Historically, we seen ups and downs of marriage rates (that"s because of wars, recessions) But personal choice that"s today"s society; changes in individualism. Marriage used to be compulsory (expected to get married social norm: common law relationships and raising children outside of matrimony, single parent households, same-sex households (see box on page 170) First marriage has been a key variable of study. Nuptiality as process: movement across marital states (fig 5. 1) Crude divorce rate= number of divorces/population *1000: denominator is the overall population, and not just the population that is at risk of divorce. So we want to restrict our denominator (make more narrow) to apply it more. To get married, need to be singled, divorced or widowed.

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