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Lecture 5

SOC312H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Marriage, Single Parent, Norm (Social)

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Brent Berry

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Chapter 5: Nuptiality Feb 5
Marriage bust in industrialized countries?
o Has there been a bust in marriage?
o Alternative types, not traditional marriage
Decision to marry past vs. today
o Increase in divorce, getting married later
o Role of external circumstances vs. personal choice
Important reason why people get married
Historically, we seen ups and downs of marriage rates (that’s because of wars,
External circumstances (ie. Wars)
But personal choice that’s today’s society; changes in individualism
Marriage used to be compulsory (expected to get married social norm)
o Common law relationships and raising children outside of matrimony
o Single parent households
o Same-sex households (see box on page 170)
Is growing diversity of family forms positive or negative?
Centrality of traditional marriage in question?
Nuptiality in Demographic Analysis
o Frequency or incidence of marriage in a population, but the demographic study of
nuptiality is broader…
o Not just studying incidence or frequency, demographers study the breaking of marriage,
other types of relationships, encompasses all aspects of family formation, divorce,
widowhood, and redial marriage
First marriage has been a key variable of study
Nuptiality as process
o Movement across marital states (Fig 5.1)
Measures of Nuptiality
Crude marriage rate= Marriage/Population *1000
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