SOC312H1 Lecture Notes - Transnationalism

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC312H1
Professor
International Migration
- Figure 9.3 shows the spread of human beings
- Around 1 million years ago there was a large movement of Africans
- South America was the last part of the world to be infiltrated by migration
- Human beings are species on the move these trends are very interesting
- Where moving for more basic reasons today
- Guns, Germs, and Steel Book
- Makes an argument about why we have such huge inequalities in the world
- Main kind of migration during this period
- 1500-1800 European Colonization of the new world
- Farmers, Administrators and Artisans, people to fix shoes/blacksmiths, Black Creek
Pioneer Village
- Lastly small groups of entrepreneurs, creators of small businesses
- Significant wave occurred in the industrial period
- Huge thirst for receiving countries to have new migrants to work and populate the land
- Giving away land to those who were willing to work the land
- A lot of people left Northern and Southern Europe
- Between 1800 and 1950 millions of Europeans left
- Farming was less of way for people to make a living
- New technologies took away for the need for people to work on the land
- Powerful push factors
- Huge opportunities for pull factors
- After 1914, less migration
- After WWII
- Post- Industrial period
- 1945- 1970
- What happened? Western nations were getting back on their feet after the war
- Economies were devastated
- Large move of people from Northern to Southern Europe
- Modest to no educations, this includes skills
- Cntd movement of people to Canada and US
- After 1970’s, after the second phase of migration these countries had been rebuilt
- There was an oil shortage
- This sparked an economic recession
- Instigated the structure of the world economy pg. 407 discusses some of the things that
happened according to migration
- Changes in global investment patterns, loosening of investment opportunities,
movement of capital from wealthy nations to less wealthy nations
- Global Migratory movements since 1973 figure 9.5
- The thicker the arrow the larger the migrant stream
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Document Summary

Figure 9. 3 shows the spread of human beings. Around 1 million years ago there was a large movement of africans. South america was the last part of the world to be infiltrated by migration. Human beings are species on the move these trends are very interesting. Where moving for more basic reasons today. Makes an argument about why we have such huge inequalities in the world. Main kind of migration during this period. 1500-1800 european colonization of the new world. Farmers, administrators and artisans, people to fix shoes/blacksmiths, black creek. Lastly small groups of entrepreneurs, creators of small businesses. Significant wave occurred in the industrial period. Huge thirst for receiving countries to have new migrants to work and populate the land. Giving away land to those who were willing to work the land. A lot of people left northern and southern europe. Between 1800 and 1950 millions of europeans left.

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