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Lecture 5

W5 SOC 357H.docx


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC357H1
Professor
Bonnie Fox
Lecture
5

Page:
of 2
W5 SOC 357H
Missed first half
Order of life course changed now [study, get a job, get married, and then have
children]
To get married: suppose to have your own place/ so need financial resources.
And to have kids you should be married (expect Quebec)
80’s and 90’s were hard time [markets poor for young people/ so this messes
up everything else change expected life course to adopt to circumstances]
Todays’ also hard to get into the job market… so people go back to school
The role of education: it’s getting longer, more accessible to everyone, so
people put off getting a job and getting married
So the ideal order is not very practical anymore
On average people do finish school, and then get work, and then get married. The
people’s age doing it in this order was getting older and older.
Before, women would have lower education, because it would not be of good use to
them, so get married and have children. Older daughter were also stuck at home to
help with the work, so they went to school only later.
Only later, the life course of the men and the women started to merge/ also now the
idea that you are not ready to get married/ but people are still trying to follow the
ideal pathway for life.
Standardization of the life course: it’s about people doing similar things, at similar
age, and the similarity of the order people does things
In the article:
Increasing in the standardization of life events but now we see more and
more variable.
For men greatest variation of education was for those born in 1931-45/
consequences of the Great Depression and the effect it had on their families/
in the 60-70 there was a booming economy and men could quit school and
get a good paying job and be a bread winner
Another deviation was the life course change of women/ they entered to
labour market
And another variation in the order people do things/ before there was no
such thing as a marginalized order/ now those who don’t follow the order
find life harder this because of the context people are living in
If you are aware of the norm, doesn’t mean that always people follow this
order. This order is usually easier for people in higher class. So there is an
impact of the person’s economic status that influence the easier to follow the
order
What about gender: does it make it harder or easier to leave the standard life
course
Keep in mind that these variation vary from one country to another.