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Chapter 3-What is Socialization Oct 1 2008
Chapter 3-What is Socialization Oct 1 2008

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University of Toronto St. George
Sheldon Ungar

READING NOTES 10-01-08 SOCIALIZATION: CH. 3 NEW SOCIETY What is Socialization? O Socialization the social process whereby they undergo such development through interacting w the people around them O Learn how to act and interact appropriately w others, to become a competent and effective member of society O Develop a self, a sense of individual identity that allows us to understand ourselves and differentiate ourselves from others O Primary Socialization: crucial learning process that occurs in childhood and makes us members of society O Secondary Socialization: learning to be a student, husbandwife, parent, learning a job etc- happens after primary socialization Nature vs. Nurture O Although natural differences exist among ppl, such differences explain very little about social behaviour or how society is organized O Humans behaviour is a outcome of biological factors, and the debate over whether nature (biological inheritance) or nurture (the social environment) that is more important in shaping our beliefs and behaviours O Intelligence= hereditary? Genetic? O We are not born human O We become human through the process of social interaction O Ex: Anna abandoned and kept in isolation long-term; cared for only enough to make it by O When discovered at age of 6; unable to walk, feed herself, talk, or respond to others O As she was cared for she began to make slow progress, but was terminally damaged for life- permanent disabilities O At age 8- at development level of two year old, at 10- just began to show signs of using language O Survival of lack of interaction at early years= incapability of becoming fully competent active members of society O Ex: orphanage vs. Prison babies O Prison babies got interact with mothers during first years of birth, while orphans had limited interaction O Orphanage babies were healthy at beginning, but after 2 year: all physically and socially underdeveloped O Socialization is essential for= physicalmental wellbeing The Self and Socialization O Where does our sense of self come from? O Individuals develop and modify a sense of who they are- their sense of self- and found that self-image greatly depends on socialization O Differentiation occurs gradually as newborn learns to see its mother as a separate person Two Early Theorists Charles Horton Cooley O Look-Glass Self: gestures and reactions of others are mirror or looking glass in which we see ourselves O Just as we look in the mirror to see a reflection of our physical body, we look to others to see a reflection of our psychological and social self
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