SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Sub-Saharan Africa, Neoliberalism, Westernization

28 views4 pages
Published on 23 Aug 2010
School
UTSG
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Reading Notes
01-14-09
Chapter 9: Inequality Among Nations: Perspective on Development
Introduction
x Globalization, world integration, investment, production, economic policies, has
decreased working conditions around the world
x Transnational Corporations: companies with subsidies in more than one country;
privately owned and mostly controlled by investors in rich countries
x Neoliberal Economic Policies: in exchange for loans and financial aid, such
policies require that countries: dismantle laws against foreign ownership, privatize
SXEOLFHQWHUSULVHVUHGXFHJRY¶WUHJXODWLRQVFXWSXEOLFH[SHQGLWXUHVRQKHDOWK
care, education, reduce corp. taxes, decrease currency to encourage exports
Why Are Some Countries Rich and Others Poor?
x Neoliberal- dominant in western countries
o Most countries are poor because western capitalist institutions and values
have not penetrated them deeply enough
o 3RRUFRXQWULHVFDQEHWWHUWKHPVHOYHVE\EHFRPLQJOLNHµXV¶
o Poor countries remain poor because of ignorance, laziness, corrupt elites
x Anti-Imperialist-
o Rich countries are rich because they exploit poor countries
o Rich countries and dominant corporations have an interest, in keeping
poor countries underdeveloped so they will remain sources of cheap
labour and resources
Unequal Development and Unequal Benefits
x GNP: the value of all goods and services produced in a country in one year as
measured officially by money transfers
x Economic growth can coexist with widespread poverty, exploitation, long
working hours, pollution, poor education etc
x National average hides poverty by lumping together income of rich and poor
x Human Development
o Improving per capita income, education, health, environmental quality,
democracy, equality, freedom
o Human Development Index- created by UN
x Shows that poverty in E Asia has been cut dramatically in recent
decades, but poverty is rising dramatically in S Asia, Sub-Saharan
Africa, parts of E Europe
x Class and Inequality
o The gap between rich and poor is generally greater in poor countries than
in rich countries
o But a big class difference exists almost everywhere
x Women and Development
o *HQGHUSURIRXQGO\DIIHFWVDSHUVRQ¶VOLIHFKDQFHVHYHU\ZKHUHDQG
especially in less developed countries
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.