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Chapter 10-Families notes Jan 21

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University of Toronto St. George
Sheldon Ungar

January 21, 2009 Chapter 10: Families Introduction N Gendered Division of Labour: the difference in the work that men and women do Exploring The Familiar: Families In Western Society N Dilemmas of Contemporary Family Life o Nuclear Family: man is main breadwinner and the women has primary responsibility for the children o Conventional family parents on decline o But society stills seems to be mostly based around nuclear families N Myths About Family o Traditional European families consists of 3 generations o Extended Family Households: three generations in one house o The family in question is the heterosexual breadwinnerhomemaker family, and deviations form these ideals are held responsible for myriad social problems N The Myth of The Natural Family o Popular fixation on the heterosexual nuclear family is that it seems to derive from the biology of reproduction o Biological determinism: the argument that individual behavior or social organization is directly caused by biology or biological processes o Evolutionary Psychology: type of biological determinism that views human behaviour as the product of human evolution Certain behaviours are adaptive because they contributed to 70574:.9L;08:..088 specifically males (more aggressive), females (nurturing -> more offspring) Today8-0K,;L4:7L89K0574:.941K:2,30;4O:9L43- and thus inevitable N Conceptualizing and Defining Family o Structural Functionalism Heterosexual nuclear family exists because of the useful functions it performs for the larger society o Definitions Family: as the sets of relationships people create to share resources daily in order to ensure their own and any dependants welfare Social Reproduction: wide range of activities that maintain existing life and in most cases reproduce the next generation- the feeding, clothing, looking after peoples subsistence needs, as well as emotional (adult), nurturing (children) th Family Wage: trade union movement in the 19 century; refers to a wage that is paid to a man and is sufficient to support him, wife, children A Look At Other Family Patterns N Foraging Societies: The Communal Household o People acquire subsistence by gathering edibles and hunting live game o Small camps, bands o Comprised of ppl by marriageblood o Nomadic o Sharing resources o Women: gather, men: hunt o Collectiveshared responsibilities, decision making, child care o Communal basis of life, absence of private households N Preindustrial Agricultural Societies: Household Economies
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