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Chapter 16-Sociology and Environment Feb 11

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Sheldon Ungar

Chapter 16: Sociology and the Environment Toward Environmental Sociology N Flying releases pollution of C02 with twice as harmful effects as on the ground N !O0J01OLJK9*4O5O0J0- 341OLJK98147,0,7$LO;07!O0J0- 2 short flights or 1 long Why is Environmental Concern Relatively New? (1) For 20 century sociologists environment- came to mean something quite different from our physical surroundings N Nurture rather than nature- enforced more social factors rather than bio and physical factors in influencing human affairs (2) Human Exceptionalism Paradigm: worldview that features the ideals of society evolving social progress, increasing poverty and material comfort, and class mobility for all segments of society, while ignoring the environmental costs of economic growth N 81L789-0J,39489:9K00110.984103;L7432039- it can act as a contextual, an independent or dependent variable Environmental Sociology: study of all of the social aspects of the environment N its study has developed from multiple nuclei-lack of unification N but unified in the recognition of the existence of a key value conflict in contemp society between those who hold an environmentalist view and those who do not Environment Value Conflict N focus is on the value cleavage of environmentalists and their supporters- they advocate a more passive and less manipulative approach to the environment Dominant Paradigm: a widely accepted view of the world that emphasizes the moral imperative of material wealth creation and the moral conviction that humans have the inalienable right to dominate nature and harness the environment to that end N institutions reflect this paradigm- promote wealth, job creation and economic expansion N landing on the moon, panama canal and trans can railway show our dominance natural hazards and barriers Alternative Environmental Paradigm: set of beliefs that challenge the centrality of economic growth, technological progress, and the human domination of nature as pillars of society- stresses the need to adopt small scale, decentralized economic and political structures that are in harmony with nature N resources are limited and should be conserved- society should adopt a small scale, de-centralized economic and political structures that are in harmony with nature N Attempt to bridge the differences between the two= Sustainable Development: development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of futur
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