Class Notes (903,577)
CA (538,023)
UTSG (45,699)
SOC (3,336)
SOC101Y1 (1,009)
Lecture

Networks, Groups, Societies, and Bureaucracies notes Oct 7 2008

4 Pages
66 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Sheldon Ungar

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Readings
10-07-08
Networks, Groups, Societies, and Bureaucracies
Networks
³Its a Small World´
y although film acting stretches back more than a century- has involved people in many
countries
y half-million people who have ever acted in films form a pretty small world
y Travers, Milgram (1969) conducted study: asked 300 randomly selected people in Nebraska
and Kansas to mail a document to a complete stranger, a stockbroker in Boston
y However, the people could not mail the document directly to the stockbroker. They had to
mail it to a person they knew on a first-name basis who, in turn, could send it only to a
person they knew on a first-name basis, and so forth
y defined this passing of a letter from one person to another as a link or a ³degree of
separation´
y thought it would take many degrees of separation, to get the letter to Boston stockbroker-
the average was about six
y no more than six degrees of separation separate any two people in the United States
Network Analysis
y Although an individual may know a small number of people: family members, friends,
co-workers, etc, others know more ppl who extend far beyond that individuals personal
network
y Ex: I may not know the author of this article but my prof probably does or at knows
someone, who knows them (no more than 3 links of separation)
y although our personal networks are small, they lead quickly to much larger networks. We live
in a small world because our social networks connect us to the larger world
y Social Network: a bounded set of individuals linked by the exchange of material or emotional
resources, everything from money to friendship
y The patterns of exchange determine the boundaries of the network. Members exchange
resources more frequently with each other than with non-members
y Social networks may be formal (defined in writing) or informal (defined only in practice)
y Each of your network members is linked to other people- connects you to people you have
never met, creating a ³small world´ that extends far beyond your personal network
y The units of analysis or nodes in a network can be individuals, groups, organizations, and
even countries
Finding A Job
y You have strong ties to people who are close to you, such as family members and friends
y You have weak ties to mere acquaintances, such as people you meet at parties and friends of
friends
y Granovetter found that weak ties are more important than strong ties in finding a job
y Mere acquaintances are more likely to provide useful information about employment
opportunities than friends or family members
y people who are close to you typically share overlapping networks- the information they can
provide about job opportunities is often redundant
y mere acquaintances are likely to be connected to diverse networks- provide information
about many different job openings and- introductions to many different potential employers.
y people typically have more weak ties than strong ties, the sum of weak ties holds more
information about job opportunities than the sum of strong ties
Urban Networks, Scientific Innovation, and the Spread of HIV/AIDS
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Readings 10-07-08 Networks, Groups, Societies, and Bureaucracies Networks Its a Small World O although film acting stretches back more than a century- has involved people in many countries O half-million people who have ever acted in films form a pretty small world O Travers, Milgram (1969) conducted study: asked 300 randomly selected people in Nebraska and Kansas to mail a document to a complete stranger, a stockbroker in Boston O However, the people could not mail the document directly to the stockbroker. They had to mail it to a person they knew on a first-name basis who, in turn, could send it only to a person they knew on a first-name basis, and so forth O defined this passing of a letter from one person to another as a link or a degree of separation O thought it would take many degrees of separation, to get the letter to Boston stockbroker- the average was about six O no more than six degrees of separation separate any two people in the United States Network Analysis O Although an individual may know a small number of people: family members, friends, co-workers, etc, others know more ppl who extend far beyond that individuals personal network O Ex: I may not know the author of this article but my prof probably does or at knows someone, who knows them (no more than 3 links of separation) O although our personal networks are small, they lead quickly to much larger networks. We live in a small world because our social networks connect us to the larger world O Social Network: a bounded set of individuals linked by the exchange of material or emotional resources, everything from money to friendship O The patterns of exchange determine the boundaries of the network. Members exchange resources more frequently with each other than with non-members O Social networks may be formal (defined in writing) or informal (defined only in practice) O Each of your network members is linked to other people- connects you to people you have never met, creating a small world that extends far beyond your personal network O The units of analysis or nodes in a network can be individuals, groups, organizations, and even countries Finding A Job O You have strong ties to people who are close to you, such as family members and friends O You have weak ties to mere acquaintances, such as people you meet at parties and friends of friends O Granovetter found that weak ties are more important than strong ties in finding a job O Mere acquaintances are more likely to provide useful information about employment opportunities than friends or family members O people who are close to you typically share overlapping networks- the information they can provide about job opportunities is often redundant O mere acquaintances are likely to be connected to diverse networks- provide information about many different job openings and- introductions to many different potential employers. O people typically have more weak ties than strong ties, the sum of weak ties holds more information about job opportunities than the sum of strong ties Urban Networks, Scientific Innovation, and the Spread of HIVAIDS www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit