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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Matthias Koenig

SOC355Y1 Tuesday September 21, 2010 Last week you learned: - Structural analysis, more commonly known as network analysis is a sociological perspective that focuses on connections between social units- a set of assumptions - Networks vary and positions within network vary - These differences have consequences for important outcomes - Graphs can be deceiving and its best to be cautious when interpreting them Todays Outline - Networks in classical theory Paradigms and Sociology - Ex: Functionalism Durkheim deviance - Conflict theory- Marx - Papers calling on specific sociologist- to signal that tradition which is a lens through which we see things - Example- someone studying education, conflict theorist would ask a different question How does education support existing class structure? look at curriculum of schools - Symbolic interactionism- interactions, how do interactions come to be? Answers cannot be seen by other person, conflict theorist would not be able to see how interactions exist - Social network analyst about relations- can pull from any paradigm essentially because you are talking about relations- Social needs relations - Social theorist who treats relations as primary! = Georg Simmel thinks of social relations as primary! Meaning= not only are they the most important but that they exist first! Therefore the units that have relations (the people come after the relations) ! What they would argue. The people or units are defined by the relations that they have! So first we have relations then units or people! - Think about it funny a plausible We exist at the interaction of relations! (according to Simmel) - SIMMEL does not view things as isolated units, instead as interactions Defining Society according to Simmel society is INTERACTIONS The significance of these interactions among men lies in the fact that it is because of them that the individuals, in whom these driving impulses and purposes are lodged, form a unity that is a society. (All
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