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Lecture note on Oct 24th - Hanbyeol Lee.docx

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Lecture on Oct 24 th Subculture and Learning Cohen’s “theory of delinquency” tries to explain - The existence and content of delinquent sub-culture - The concentration of this sub-culture among male working-class individuals Assumptions: somewhat similar to Merton’s theory about social structure and effect on individuals - The lower-class resembles the middle-class culture and values by watching TV, movies, etc. whatever middle-class has value on, in order to achieve goals by success - Socialisation of lower-class children deters their ability to compete for this success, however, it is unequal world with different opportunities, economics resources, and cultural capitals - Difference between lower-class and middle-class parents in socialising their children: Middle-class parents are more rational, deliberate, demanding, stress self-discipline in their children, when Lower class parents are more easy going, permissive with their children - Strain caused by these socialisation difference between different classes - Acknowledgement of their limitation caused strain in lower class children - Even, Academic institutions, like school, promoting middle-class values, which hindered lower-class students and forced them to learn about middle-class values -> High advantages in middle-class kids compared to lower-class kids -> causing strain Cohen argued that increased strain affects some kids to fall into a delinquent sub-culture (join gangs to overcome the fear of personal failure) 3 possible solutions to strain experienced by these kids. - The Cornerville Society o A lower-class solution, reminiscent of ritualism  Kids who Cohen argued that psychologically disengage from competition and withdraw into a community of like-minded kids  Kids who might get into a few minor scrapes with the law  Will acquire a limited education and acquire a family, and merge into the working-class - College boys o Kids who rupture their ties with the lower-class, accept the challenge of the middle-class, and continue on - Delinquent sub-culture o Malicious, negativistic, non-utilitarian, hedonistic, versatile and group-autonomy  These adjectives were used to describe kids of the delinquent sub-culture  Delinquent boys are not purposeful – non-utilitarian – graffiti for example, kicking over garbage cans, throwing rocks, etc.  “The hall-mark of the delinquent sub-culture is the explicit and wholesale repudiation of middle-class culture and the adoption of their very antithesis”  It is glorified because it is a rejection of the middle-class, and ac
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