What is the cultural definition of the life course in a society? (ikels et al. ask people to tell them how they see the life course in a range of different societies= works with the lenski et al. typology) Ikels et al. compare several communities which are examples of some of lenski et al. "s types of society: hunters and gatherers. Herero industrial: two irish towns having the simplest technologies and economies, hong kong, a dynamic urban area, two smaller towns in the us, the most complex. We will also add an innuit community as an example of the effects of rapid societal change. used inkels et al. by collins - what happens when hunter group absorbed into another society transitional society: innuit. Simplest, foraging society (!kung): all depends on functionality (for hunters/gatherers: everything has a functionality move when you are ready) This is the only thing that makes much difference to social roles in a very simple society.