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SOC101Y1 (985)
Lecture

SOC383H1 lecture2.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Monica Boyd
Semester
Fall

Description
SOC383H1: Lecture 2: Women in Flight September 20 For Lecture 2 and 3 (September 27) we will address the following questions 1- Who is a refugee? 2- What do we know about refugees? How do we know? 3- What causes refugee flows? 4- Responses: refugee camps 5- What happens to women? 6- Resettlement in Canada What motivates women to migrate,move? How do they get into Canada? How is their life in Canada after getting in? 1. What is the definition of a refugee? See Boyd reading. Voluntary migration v.s. involuntary migration=usually refer to trafficking Voluntary as individual has deliberate decision making when migrating Displaced ppl: ppl who are fleeing due to natural disasters or mostly the warfare, genocide... The displacement usually refer to ppl who cannot return to original country. Internally displaced:ppl who have fled their homes but remain within the border of their countries 1.Who is refugee? According to the UN 1951 convention: A refugee is a person who… "... owing to well founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable, or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country ....”  Reflects an incompatibility btw the applicant and their country of origin 143 countries have signed “Refugee” can have broad meaning a) UN 1951 convention b) those in “refugee like” conditions c) IDP - internally displaced ppl, ppl on move internally d) Refugee claimant/asylum seeker, somebody arriving the countrys border or inside the country, seeking shelter seeks formal recognition of their status and claim to be refugee, What constitutes protection? What constitutes persecution? PROTECTION: Governments are responsible for enforcing a country's laws. May be unable or unwilling to do so, often during a conflict or civil unrest „Unwilling‟- when civil war based on ethnicity, govt try to prosecute not state dominated ethics, e.g. Roma's like jepys originate form India, move to east eu then spread in eu, being prosecuted and subject of selection attention, being object of persecution in WWII Each case handled individually coz not all romas are being prosecuted and some being middle class. So donot classify a group of pop as refugee but handle each refugee claimer individually ESP the primary claimer PERSECUTION: What constitutes persecution is debated a) state-sponsored & focused on individuals, e.g one religion country prosecute citizens with other religious belief;protestants b) widespread social practices & attitudes may also be grounds for persecution ; failure to conform what's socially accepted behaviors e.g. Homosexuals in some country that recognize heterosexual as norm; women refuse to dress in certain way,or not being submissive so at risk of being persecuted Gender-based prosecution: refers to form of harm that are regularly experienced by females and are directly at them b/c of their sex UNHCR= UN high commissioner for refugee 2. What do we know about refugees? Population of concern for UNHCR 35 million % in 2011 Refugees 29.4 (17.1 UNHCR) Asylum seekers 2.5 Stateless 9.8 IDPs (protected) 43.7 Returned IDPs 9.2 Returned refugees 1.5 Other 4.0 Where are they concentrated? Is the size big or small? Explain? What is the representation of women among this population? Why? Half are women because the source of refugees are countries of unrest like Under civil war,hence, men are either in the army or recruited fig
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