Class Notes (836,268)
Canada (509,723)
Sociology (3,253)
SOC101Y1 (985)
Lecture 7

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Monica Boyd

Lecture 7 - Recruiting women as domestic worker Outline: 1. Review 20th century 2. Current situation Gender stratification and racial stratification, women bear the imprint of their gender scripts and sex typing of occupation, occupations are changing, as pharmaceutical is partially feminized and sociology is almost completely feminized, Women who move to destination country and their job would almost reflect the job gendered feature. Ppl seen suitable for job due to racial and gender reason. Usually migrated women hired by other working women in the destination country. and b/c of they work in home, ends up an exploitative relationship and is based on class & unequal power relations. Employer holds the key to economic resources and so migrants have no say. These women from Philippine often work for upper-middle class women in Canada often treated as if they are not in same class and retained Domestic workers aboard 1. Racialized selection of workers e.g. in Asian country, Filipino over Indonesian 2. Domestic workers hidden in household 3. Asymmetric of power 4. Rights in country of destination 5. Capacity of origin country to protect Globally  Workers racialized-(Filipino vs Indonesian)  Denied rights extended to most workers  Low pay precarious pay  Bad working conditions Different for Canada? Some same, some different Domestic work in Canada Domestic work employed 41%of women who worked in 1891in Canada, declined thereafter, is strongly racialized , had declined Work had the characteristic it still had today- hidden in household, personal boss often women, low pay ,long hour...may not be treating well depend on the boss "I'd rather pick bags and keep myself respect"- the outflow, when women could leave domestic worker, they did so Decline due to WWII, women was actively in work outside domestic Solution: continual recruitment from overseas But by start of 1900s, earlier sources(Irish, British working class were drying up), British seen as preferred recruit source, but was running out, so steam ship the British women from Britain to Canada, escorted and notion of maintaining their sexually security, selection largely British, with idea that they are mothers of next generation, needed by other working class Canadians and give birth to next generation. These surplus labor coming from displaced farming labor and made them to search work actively in cities and aboard First "Caribbean domestic scheme of 1910-1911-100 women from Guadeloupe recruited for Quebec(they had to have virginity test to be recruited) Expected to work for 2yrs for 5bucks a month in exchange for their 80fare to Canada, white servants paid 12-15/month( colorization with ppl based on color that some being paid less and treat worse After math of WWII;in1947, 3000 displaced persons authorized to enter Canada for domestic work-signed pledge to work for at least a yr, not allowed to switch employer As women began to enter LF, demand grew, as substitution of means of cleaning - vacuum cleaner, still model of preferred race, notion that displaced ppl had to flee. From domestic work would not want go back, so willing to enter domestic work, mainly polish, Russian.... Low pay, unequal pay, required to work certain period of time not all household had running water and using coal produced lots dusts, had to clean them the every other day to keep clean, Demand declined as result of mechanical reason, dish washer,vacuum cleaner, but still when the women enter LF, domestic work still wait to be done 1953-continued attempts to recruit EU women and still return to Caribbean women Ambivalence about Caribbean domestics-change in policies in1950s- black migration from Caribbean was restricted to about100person annually in 1955 agreements, Caribbean govt( albedo and Jamaica ) proposed to scheme as a way of allowing more ppl to migrate  Agreed to pay domestic science training course  Agreed to covering processing costs and return trip home for those disqualified Requirement of FDM  Ages-21-35 , 5-yr education, promise remain service length-1yr  Excluded from Benefits of permanent Canadian residence(unemployment insurance, pension plan) , but employer should pay for basic insurances and benefits But could get permanent residence status Caribbean program increasingly popular 1955-2 islands, 100persons ->1959-11area, 280domestics Growing concern this was a back door (ppl brought relatives)  Educational requirements raised to 5 yrs of education, sets a class unbalance –low education work for higher educated canandians Racial outcome - 1974 - 1165 Caribbean domestic entering on domestic temp permits vs 131 from uk - On point system-10 pts for job offer- granted to those from Britain but not Jamaica , defined as temporary pt system is part of skilled worker program-had built in preferential for Britains, Caribbean not much preferred - By 1976& Caribbean women were half of those entering on temporary work permits - 1976 act, effective on 1979, removed domicile right-earlier could apply for permanent residence after 5yrs, 1976act removed this, can't stay forever - 7 jamaican women incident in 1979- were in Canada overstaying after entering with travel visa, work in domestics, caught and tried to be deported, Huge uproar of 7mother movement, "Save the 7mothers"had permanent resident status but earmarked the govt - Sept1980-Task Force commission in domestic wo
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