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SOC101Y1 (985)
Lecture 10

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Monica Boyd

Lecture 10-high skill or marginalized (immigrant women in Canada) Motive of entry into country can be important for how you response to spousal abuse, i.e when women is coming in under sponsorship, unaware of resource of spousal protection. - vulnerable to abuse What happens next after arriving in destination country 1. Social, cultural adjustment, even the things go smoothly before that, e.g. Social differences can be seen as which side of sidewalk, stairs do you walk? Right or left? 2. Labour force entry--usually more than one adult family member participate in LF why? In modern monetary society, understanding everyone can be exchanged as goods, holding on money is the most important thing, ppl numerated, improving life chances by access to resources in society- education, health care... Being in labour force not only about financial well being but that financial transforms into a lifestyle, a life standard, into material If from country not now same living standard, ppl think by moving from poor to rich country, they would share and have greater acquisition of the well being, a share of that wealth , experience better life standard, but often the experience higher wage but the commodity price is also higher, higher rent, and children need more monetary help , other extra expenditures you don't know you need, like help kids to university, or textbooks... Sufficient one male wage in origin country develop into multi-wage earner family as they can't afford same living standard with one salary Ppl feels obliged to help out family Lecture outline: -trends, patterns in LF participation -disadvantage faces by immigrant women of skilled -double disadvantage -Grace redomestication -what is skill? Wheat I'd doscrimination Difficulties women face upon arrival: Difficult to find a job, highly likely to be unemployed or underemployed- the quality, credentials ppl hold fails to match the requirement of the job they hold, often much higher than the job they hold, e.g trained as engenieer, but stay domestic, no job experience, accommodate to much Lower skilled jobs What is 'skill'? Canadian govt moving away admitting on family base, trying to recruit ppl of high skill, race of all to cope with diminishing fertility, competition for high-skill immigrants btw countries, trying hard to get as many highs skilled workers possible 1. An ability acquired by training, e.g. Get trained or just don't enough of it, e.g. Construction of garments, experience based, all take practice, seen as unskilled job, but is skilled in terms of 2. Any proficiency faculty or dexterity that is acquired or developed through training or experience 3. Also, a socially constructed concept defined thru immigration law, cooperate policies etc skill is often seen as related to education, i.e. High skill or skilled” is a term related to education or the value embodied in the work done. e.g. university's degree as indicator of high skill, Or, the job you do seen high skill, so you are high skilled Uni prof is high skill and high status, past passport can be signed either by police or uni prof, show their status in society In immigration policy, skill primary refers to those with uni degrees or higher A) see this in the pts system and changes B)canada's new arrivals are more and more skilled Immigration policy changes: Plan of immigration set targets every yr in Sep, how many ppl to admit due to economic contribution, family reunion, ad of their high skill, of their refugee status  Before IRPA(Before June 2002,) 60 pts education- 16max(27% of total pts) Pt system access your age, work experience, education, adaptability, language skill , seen able to contribute to canada  After IRPA, 67pts, education -25pts max(37%)-Canadian immigration system is largely focused on education and language Redomestication-skilled women unable to find a job, forced back to domestic domain, to be a domestic maker Brain strain to other country, and brain waste as we r wasting their skilled when we get them here and don't use them Skill and immigration trends Demand-side factors: contribute to increase in high-skilled immigration to Canada  Growth of post-industrial economy, banks, IT industry need high skilled labors, so immigration policies, series of laws coherent to the demand of the country labor market Supply side reason for increasing high-skill ppl into Canada:  Immigrate of women, wife are well-educated, similarly educated, so more likely to get highly educated women who follows their husband of highly-skilled and highly-educated Educational homogeny-the likeness of education for partner searching, ppl introduce you to the education like, so the couple likely to be educationally or socially same level Changing countries of origin :(diagram)1971-2006 • Increasing proportion from Asia(including middle east) and Africa, let anyone come who can demonstrate their ability to contribut to Canada • Decreasing proportion from EU, and USA, Summary - Educational level rising for more recent entry cohorts is immigrants women - LF participation rate decline for more recent entry cohorts - Unemployment rates increase for more recent cohorts immigrated women in LF - Porportion of post-secondary education possessed by immigrated women increased Trends in higher
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