SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Intentionality, Nomothetic, Bounded Rationality

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12 Jan 2013
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Introduced basic idea of methodological individualism: ontological (individuals against social entities) and explanatory version. Start with general notes on theorizing and logic of explanation. 1 particular mechanism- transformational mechanisms (linking micro to macro) where we are interested in explaining social outcomes. Explanations/mechanisms: prices have increased for broadway shows. Changing value due to rising prices definition of value. More standing ovations today than 20 years ago. Let us take: definition of value- changing perception of value due to rising prices. How to test and solidify hypotheses: 3 ways (hypothesis - > explanation: spell out more implications. Theorizing in sociology should be seen as an attempt to find explanations for social outcomes, standing ovations in theatre but also segregation explanations work too, social norms. We can also discover new facts via this formula add to overall knowledge too by finding facts through testing hypotheses: second part of lecture- explanations and linking factors to explanation should work through social mechanisms.

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