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Lecture 7

Lecture 7.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Eric Fung

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Lecture 7 Test Date: dec 5 time: 10 am to 12 pm Location: here 2 short answers from 3 and one essay questions from 2 example : what are 3 outcomes of assimilation suggested by gordon. Variations of Assimlation - Assimilation is veried since some people who are doing well aren't very integrated while others area Assumptions 1) Linear Progression - the more integrated, the better - although not always the case, sometimes the reverse is true - immigrants seem to have a better outcome than second generation - this case might also be related with the risk behaviour - foreign born youth has better health out come than here born youth - they know the place better thus take more risks and eats more food - enfant mortality (when someone is born and die when they are young) found that the second gen is higher than first generation - thus integration is not always good (not a linear progression) 2) Gradual Expansion - does not apply to everyone since some people are doing well and they only go to work then home and communicate with their ethnic people New proposals (to explain assimilation amongst new immigrants) 1) Selective assimilation - conscious selection - gordon and others talked about a proccess that everyone goes through but it was just a matter of time - however this is not the case, the immigrants are able to choose how much they want to integrate (choose ethnic church to non ethnic church or not, or friendship choice) - Determine own pace and aspect of integration - choose to live in ethnic neghborhood or not - selection preservation - choose what kind of ethnic context they want to maintain - Conditions: - size of ethnic community - (living in farloft = 5 ethnic families vs Toronto who holds events and such because of the larger ethnic community) - socio-economic background of groups - language barriers would not allow them to work for english people, more possible to find job in the ethnic buisnesses - group relations - if there is discrimination between groups or ethnic parties, then they would be discriminated against - if the ethnic group is widely accepted they can choose and it is possible to integrate if they want to since they are welcome 2) Spatial assimilation - assimilation cannot occur in a vacuum - spatial assimilation is an necessary step between acculturation and other types of assimilation - social mobility and urban patterns - 2 processes: 1) suburbanization- need to go back the space, if you are in a space that is highly concentrated with ethnic people you have less of a chance of integrating even if you are high in status - means that when immigrants first move into the contry they start in the city and gradually moves out into the suburbans since they get to know the place better and have more resources, thus it used to be a great indicator how well an immigrant has integrated (easier to meet new people larger space) - but this is not the case since there is a large concentration in the burbs now 2) home ownership - if you have the resources = more choices to choose where you want to move into, which means this will effect the urban patterns - limited resources, when purchasing a home it is more of a permanent living space - where purchasing a home suggest how much one wants to integrate and how they want to integrate - spacial stratefication = better neighborhood = better people around, better social network = better outcome - Burgess - concentric zone theory - poor = middle (industrial) as you move farther = better resources and richer people 3) Portes and Rambaut - ethnic enclave is as good as people working outside of it - people with the same level of education or level of experiences and such will do as well as people outside of it -Contextual Factors - Policies of the recieving government - exclusion, passive acceptance, active encouragement - thinking of the policies from the government between jap and chinese - exclusion=in a situation of being excluded, this would effect integration -passive acceptance = another example, allowed to come in but government would not support integrating them (ie no help finding jobs and such) since the government assumes they can do it themselves because they were accepted on their merits - active encouragement = government helps immigrants liek putting them in language classes and finding them jobs. - Labour market situation - perception of stereotypeing groups
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