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SOC101Y1 (985)
Robert Brym (148)


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University of Toronto St. George
Robert Brym

SOC101 March 16, 2011 Globalization Certain circumstances that compel people to participate in non-conventional political behaviour relative deprivation (subjective feelings of being deprived)… however not reliable theory Resource Mobilization Theory Based on the idea that social movements can emerge only when disadvantaged people can marshal the means necessary to challenge authority. Foremost among the resources they need to challenge authority is the capacity to forge strong social ties among themselves. Other important resources that allow disadvantaged people to challenge authority including jobs, money, arms, & access to means of spreading their ideas. 2nd Phase of Social Movement Formation • Around 1700, social movements were small, localized, & violent a city might riot against city officials against the rising cost of bread • 1700+ large centralized states began to emerge, as they did, social movements became national in scope became larger, national, less violent (became bureaucratized) • Created a collective conscience people began to change their sense of who was creating injustice (national governments, anger directed in nation-wide uprisings) • Spread of literacy more people could spread their ideas • Violence is the political weapon of the weak, if you have a lot of power you can ask for what you want • Political parties, other organizations collective violence decreased 3 Phase of Social Movement Formation • Instead of national consciousness, people are increasingly realizing that the grievances that they have transcend national boundaries increasing sense of global consciousness • Preservation of Brazilian
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