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SOC207 Lecture 1

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University of Toronto St. George

JAN, 7 2013 SOC207 Lecture 1 Historical Transformations: Capitalist Development Labour, and Women’s Work Lecture Goals: 1, Historical and comparative approach: shows how work organization changes over time and place 2. Demonstrate how capitalist industrialization was gendered and racialized 3. Theoretical Perspectives: Interpret trends and patterns, and their affect on different groups Conceptual Tools Industrialization: accumulating and processing resources Capitalist production system: relationships between individuals in the system - Proletariats and bourgeoisies Capitalist Industrialization: small number of people own and control the process of creating goods and services and the majority of people work for them for a wage - Those who own over those we do not own Capitalist Development in Europe Feudalism (13 century) Pre-capitalist economy: wage-labour rare – idea of selling one’s labor work for a wage Trading of goods for other goods Mercantile capitalism (1500s) Wealth fueled the growth of industrial capitalism - allowed for the accumulation of wealth needed to invest in industrial technology Encouraging exports, more money flow helped the country move into the next phase Industrial Capitalism (early 1700s) ◦ Cottage industry ◦ Factory system Industrialization and the organization of work - Independent artisans and peasants became wage workers - “The crisis of the craftsman” - Issues related to race and racism o Race: socially constructed, rather than biological o Institutional Racism: systemic, embedded in institutions and society Industrialization and Gender - Sex vs. Gender - Male-female differences in employment are almost solely a product of socially- created gender roles and ideologies (devaluation of women’s work) - Focusing on paid employment and ignoring the unpaid domestic labor of women provides us with an incomplete picture of the development of capitalism - Based on ideologies, men tend to have power over women based on these social constructed - Women’s work has always played a crucial work JAN, 7 2013 Industrialization and Gender: Separation of Spheres Women’s work restricted: - Physical separation of home and workplace - Increased gender division of labour
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