Class Notes (836,271)
Canada (509,735)
Sociology (3,253)
SOC101Y1 (985)
Lecture 7

SOC101Y1 Lecture 7: Groups and Organizations

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Christian O.Caron

    SOC101 – INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY th Oct 26 , 2016 Lecture 7 – Groups and Organizations The bonds that unite: Speaking of ‘we’ - Looking at how individuals are brought together within larger configurations of people. How does this occur, under what circumstances and with what effects? o What purpose do these groups have? o Why are we drawn to joining particular groups? o What does our memberships to these groups mean, etc. - Another way of putting it: who do we mean when we say ‘all of us’, ‘we demand’, and ‘we would agree’, who is the ‘we’? o How is it constituted? Social Groups - A collection of two or more people who interact frequently with one another person and share a sense of belonging o Can also say they are composed of set of people who identify with one another, and adhere to defined norms, roles, or statuses o i.e. Members of a family, sports team, college Primary groups - Groups where norms, roles and statuses are agreed upon but not put in writing o Social interaction leads to strong emotional ties, extends over long periods, and involves a wide range of activities o Results in group members knowing one another well  i.e. The family (most important) Secondary groups - Larger groups and more impersonal o Social interaction in narrow range of activities over shorter periods of time that create weaker emotional ties  i.e. Sociology class Inclusion and exclusion: In-groups and out-groups - In-Group members: Those who belong to a group o In-group members typically draw boundary separating themselves from members of out-group (policing between the two) o Also try to keep out-group members from crossing the line  i.e. Unions - Out-group members: Those who are excluded from an in-group - Boundary separating groups: race class, athletic ability, academic talent, physical attractiveness Network: - Network: A web of social relationships that link one person with other people and through them with more people that those people know. Patters of exchange determine boundaries of the network - Social Network: Maybe formal (defined in writing) but are more often informal (defined only in practice) o Used to study spread of ideas or diseases across a population o Network analysis – becoming more important in sociology (also used for crime) Networks starting premise     - Social life is created primarily and most importantly by relations and the patterns formed by these relations - Defined as a set of notes (or network members) that are tied by one or more types of relations Network analysis - Connectedness (e.g. the idea that individuals are connected by six degrees of separation - Contagion (i.e. the flow of influence across ties and potency of influence up to 3 connections) - Our connections shape networks: o Who we associate with, usually choosing those like us (homophily) o How interconnected our relationships are (transitivity)  Mutual friends o The connection between different networks with which we are a part (multiplexity) Structural dynamics of: - 1. Group size - 2. Frequency of contact - 3. Strength between ties can affect the flow and receipt of influence o Strong ties offer consistency and reinforcement o Weak ties can introduce innovation and exposure to novel information - Networks shape behaviour through processes such as modeling, reinforcement, and reference group comparisons Network effects - Differential effects occur on the basis on the individual’s structural position o Those with more connections are more central and therefore more privy to the communication that flows o Those on the periphery are less influenced (and are less influential) Organizations - Organizations: social groups pursuing defined tasks are otherwise called purpose groups o Have organizational rules members must follow - Individuals have different ‘roles’ to play within organizations - Formal organi
More Less

Related notes for SOC101Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.