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Lecture 6

SOCB22 Lecture 6.docx

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Vannina Sztainbok

SOCB22 Lecture 6 February 11, 2013 Gender and Power  Different perspectives of violence  Is there symmetry in marital violence? - Turn commercial: crime of passion, it shows that the man is the one who is the victim - It portrays the idea that there is this idea of crimes of passions that are perpetuated by men and women - Social context: what does the research tell us? What do we see?  Dobash et al. : both partners are responsible- men & women - They were evaluating & critiquing that there is symmetry - They started evaluating the research: what you see depends on the questions that you asl - Studies to measure marital violence: have you kicked your partner in the last year? There was no context- didn’t distinguish between a playful kick or actually kicking someone - Deficiencies in the study with how questions were asked - How you view things - Control, structural issues - Violence in marriage is more over a period of time, it is ongoing and isn’t all of a sudden - In the end, they conclude that it is not symmetry - Often, the violence that women did was in self-defence - Well, if we triangulate, to measure the violence, women are victims 1. Police records 2. Hospital records: who are the people going in injured- women are going in as more injured 3. Shelters: there’s more women in shelters because of violence  Women have more than double the risk as being victims of violence: slide 8  Looking at other types of violence, men are more at risk  Dobash et al.: where does this idea of symmetry lie?  What are the causes of violence? Or what are some of the relationships that lead to violence? Theories of Gendered Violence  Individual Pathology: individual is sick, angry, violent, they cannot control their anger  Sex role theorists: boys- aggressive, girls- passive, boys can express themselves in more aggressive ways  Evolutionary theorists: looks at how men’s roles as breadwinners is adaptive to them to become more violence than women  Resource theorists: well, it is actually a problem of resources and violence is done with those who are done with those who are more resources  Systems theorists: family systems, there’s some family systems that are functional and some are dysfunctional.  Feminist theorists: have a more contestable view of violence, violence is not just between two people but it is supported by society. It is not surprising that in a patriarchal society, violence in more gendered  Aysan Sev’er: continuum of violence: slide 13  men as a group have more resources in society, if we look at most families, men have higher salaries but she says it’s not all about resources, it is about power and control  Gartner, Crawford and Dawson: domination & control  Power in terms of economics: authority, decision maker  “women as property” there’s something about how some men view their members in terms of property  Theorists: its not just because these men are pathological, their views gain support from our patriarchal values SOCB22 Lecture 6 February 11, 2013 Continuum of violence  Social learning: how we relate to each other, e.g. when someone raises their voice, it is not always about actual physical contact  Unequa
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