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Lecture

4 - Socialization


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Robert Brym

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Victor, the Wild Boy of Aveyron
Nothing wrong with him, but had been fending for himself in the woods for years. Such
children rarely develop normally, disinterested in games, cant for relationships with people,
only develop minimal language skills.
The ability o learn culture and become human is only a potential. In order to do so, socialization
is needed
Spitz compared children in orphanage to children in a nursery attached to a woman’s prison.
SOCIALIZATION is the process of learning culture and becoming aware of yourself as you
interact with others.
During the day, orphanage babies had sheets hung around the crib to not see what as going on
around. In the prison, children could see the mums coming around taking care of everyone.
Only six nurses, kept kids calm by blocking off their sight; 6 nurses for 45 kids.
By the age of 9-12 the orphans more susceptible to infection and had a higher death rate.
Socially isolated means you have a weaker immune system. By 2-3 all from the nursery, prison,
were walking and talking, but only 8% of orphans were. Impaired sexual life when they reach
maturity, had only began playing with themselves in the third year as opposed to the first.
Without socialization, most of our human potential remains unlocked. We don’t become fully
human.
Our behaviour is not completely biological. Chap 2 of NS. Human capacity for abstractions and
cooperation enables us to create culture. Biology sets broad human limits and broad human
potentials, including the potential to create culture. Socio-biology now called evolutionary
psychology, claim genes account not just for physical, but for specific behaviours and social
practices.
Socio-biologists say genes not only determine appearance, but whether we’re law abiding and
social behaviours aspects.
The species characteristics that endure are the ones that increase the survival of the entire
species.
Socio-biologists first identify supposedly universal form of human behaviors; men more likely
to want many sexual partners. Then, they make up a story,a theory, about why this behavior
increases survival chances. Account for male promiscuity and female faithfulness because very
time man ejaculates, he produces hundreds of millions of sperm, can do so from puberty to old
age. Woman releases fewer than 00 eggs over her lifetime. They conclude that women and men
develop different reproductive strategies to increase the chance to reproduce her genes. So a
woman improves her chance if she has a mate who stays around to help protects her when she’s
pregnant gives birth and nurses, but men improve their chances by trying to impregnate as
many women as possible. In short, women’s desire for a single mate and men’s desire for many,
is simply the way women and men play out the game of survival of the fittest. This behavior
cannot be changed; hard-wired in our genes.
Problem: many of the universal behaviors are not. Some are not even that common.
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