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Readings notes, chapter 1-3 Helpful readings, for Chapter 1-3 including Society in Question New Society and Sociology as a Life or Death Issue

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University of Toronto St. George
Robert Brym

New Society 6e chapters 1 2 and 3 Society in Question 6e chapters 2 4 6 and 8 Sociology as a Life or Death Issue chapters 1 and 2 New Society Chapter 1 POINTSSociology is the systematic study of human behavior in social contextSocial causes are distinct from physical and emotional causesSociology gives u a unique enlightening perspective on social events Sociological Explanation Of SuicideMore than individual act of desperation resulting from psychological disorders Suicide rates are strongly influenced by social forces Emile DurkheimHigh suicide rates high psychological disorderDurkheim expected groups with high solidarity to have lower suicide ratesMarried adultslow suicide rate because marriage usually creates social ties and sort of a moral cement that bind the individual to societyWomen less likely than menDurkheim wrote suicide varies with the degree of integration of the social groups of which the individuals forms a partCanadian youth have higher suicide rate becauseReligious attendance have fallen downUnemployment have risenThe rate of divorce has increased as a result children are brought up on single parent family SOCIAL SOLIDARITY has fallenRelatively stable patterns of social relations are called social structures3 level of social structures surround us they are as followsMicrostructures are patterns of intimate social relations Faceto face interactionsMacrostructures are patterns of social relations that lie outside and above your circle of intimates and acquaintances Includes class relations and patriarchy traditional system of economic and political inequality between women and men in most societiesWhen spouses share domestic responsibilities they are less likely to divorceGlobal structures are international organizations patterns of worldwide travel and communication and the economic relations between countriesInexpensive travel and communication allows all parts of the world to be connectedTHE SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATIONAmerican sociologist Wright Mills 1959 called the ability to see the connection between personal troubles and social structures the sociological imaginationSOCIO IMAGINATIONS was born when 3 new revolutions collapsedFirst The Scientific revolutions that workings of society must be based on solid evidence not just on speculationsSecond the Democratic Revolution suggested that people are responsible for organizing society and that human intervention can therefore solve social problemsThirdly Industrial revolution created a host of new and serious social problems that attracted the attention of many social thinkersORIGINS OF THE SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION not importing page 10
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