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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 – Social Interactions.docx

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Robert Brym

Lecture 3 – September 26, 2012 1. Social Interaction – communication among people acting and reacting to each other 2. 3 Building Blocks of All Social Interaction a. Dyad – two-person group b. Status – recognized position in a social interaction c. Role – set of expected behaviors d. Norm – generally accepted way of doing things 3. How we get emotional a. External Stimulus i. grizzly bear attack b. Physiological response and initial emotion i. Pulse races, experience fear c. Cultural script i. You know that lying still/playing dead will make bear lose interest d. Modified emotional response i. Still afraid, you act according to the cultural script, which gives you hope 4. Arlie Russell Hochschild – study emotion management a. Emotion Management - People obey “feeling rules” – they know how they’re supposed to react and try to respond appropriately to their situations i. Do it everyday b. Emotion Labour – controlling own emotions and trying to deal with the misbehavior, rudeness, and demands of others (teacher’s, flight attendants) i. part of job, people are paid for 5. “Feeling rules” take different forms in different situations a. Grief i. In 1600’s people (especially babies) were dying all the time so you didn’t mourn for very long or ivest much emotion in your kid. ii. Started becoming a big deal in 19 century, women having fewer babies, health care better, therefore invest more and grieve more b. Anger i. Industrial revolution was crazy and the family was the only calm haven from stressful work, thus especially women were expected to control their anger and make a harmonious household 1. Teach children to control their anger c. Disgust i. Modern political state made armies, taxes, organized language, thus citizens had to exercise more control = more manners 1. Manner signified class 6. Where do norms and values come from a. From culture b. From creative negotiation: i. We manipulate the impressions we make on others ii. We communicate verbally and nonverbally 7. How is social interaction maintained? a. Conflict Theories i. Both party’s need for attention must be met ii. Interaction is competitive 1. Subtly so it fits social norms 2. People seek to gain the most while paying the last 3. People draw attention to themselves in conversation iii. Exchange Theory (variant of conflict theory) 1. All social interactions literally give and take a. Payoffs - attention, pleasure, approval, prestige,
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