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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 – Social Groups.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Robert Brym

Lecture 5 – October 10, 2012 Check class announcements Calaculator Tests and exam section do last years test All reading, lectures, handouts, movies, tutorials 1. Why do most people conform? a. Norms of solidarity demand conformity i. We pay more attention to norms than morality ii. Act to sustain friendship/social ties iii. People who do not conform are not fully socialized to their society and are therefore more able to act according to their own morality b. Structures of authority tend to render people obedient i. Most people fear ridicule, being ostracized for not obeying ii. Socialized to obey authority without question c. Bureaucracies in particular are highly effective structures of authority i. Large, impersonal organization with clearly defined positions in hierarchy. Have permanent salaried staff of qualified experts and written goals, rules, and procedures. Staff members always try to find ways of running their organization more efficiently. Efficiency means achieving the bureaucracy’s goals at the least cost. 2. Social Groups a. Types i. Social group – composed of two or more people who identify with one another, routinely interact, adhere to defined norms, roles, statuses 1. High school friends ii. Social Category – two or more people who share similar status but do not routinely interact or identify with one another 1. Coffee drinkers iii. Primary Group – norms, roles, statuses are agreed upon but not written. Social interaction creates strong emotional ties, extends over long period, involves wide range of activities 1. Friends iv. Secondary Group – larger, social interaction more impersonal, creates weaker emotional bonds, extends over shorter period, involves narrow range of activities: there for particular reason 1. This class b. Likelihood of conformity i. Increases as group size increases up to 4 people and then it platues ii. Group cohesiveness - groups with higher levels of interaction and shar
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