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Lecture 3

Week 3 SOC 101

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Week 3 September-25-13 12:17 PM Culture  Culture refers : knowledge, language, values, customs and material objects that are passed from person to person and from generation to generation  Material Culture: refers to physical creations that members make, use and share  Non-Material Culture: consists of the abstract human creations of society, that influence people's behavior- language, beliefs, values, rules, family, patterns and political systems  We learn culture from social interactions  Culture shapes not only what we do but also what we think and how we feel- elements of what we commonly but wrongly describe human nature 1. Culture is shared 2. Culture is learned 3. Culture is taken for granted 4. Culture is symbolic  Given the extent of differences in the world, people's tendency to view their own way life as natural, it is no wonder that travellers often find themselves uneasy as they encounter as unfamilar culture (i.e Culture Shock)  No way of life is natural to humanity even though most people around the world view their own behaviour that way Language:  Language produces the cognition through which social reality is understood  Does not simply, describe reality, but also influences our prescription of reality  Lawyers, politicians etc.- all involve in shaping reality to fit their needs- ex. convincing people or juries Components of Culture Symbols: its something that meaningfully represent something else Language: in a system of symbols that express ides and enables people to think and communicate with one another Values: are collective ideas about what is right and wrong and describe a understandable in a particular culture Norms: are established rules for our behaviour Culture and Judgement 
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