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School
University of Toronto St. George
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Andrew Mc Kinnon
Semester
Fall

Description
Working in growing up in America, 2005. end of 19 century ppl will discorvring that adult life required literate, white and numeracy. 19 century th we start to see public education, most kids were going to school and staying at school. when the 20 century came along ids were going to school, they were also working EX: agriculture job, selling newspapers. More and more time was spent at school. Why is there a debate about teenagers and work( more specificially about part time working during high school ?)what is the debate all about ? Why might part time jobs in high school be more important for north american adolescents than their European or Japanese counterparts? What is the contemporary case against adolescents work experience? What is the contemporary case for adolescent work experience? The case against: people who have been young have worked and judged the experience as positive one. since the second world war, schooling has become increasingly impo. it’s the connection between school and good jobs. as we move into the new millennium, they are all upgrading and retell them selves in skills. one thing that happened that edu has become more paramount in young ppl lifes because of the good job, and economic changes. education has become more impo. at the same time more and more young ppl have been working in high school. back in the late 19 century, there was a question what provided the best th way to train highschool ppl for after life. the debate was over in 20 century, it was education. Debate nowadays is about is there any kind of way that part time job can be made to be compatible. should kids be working in highschool? The case against: part-time jobs: it comes from the critiques, they argue that given the fundamentally importance for schooling we shudnt be allowing anything else to tract from that educational system. the real issue is investing ur time and work in work takes away from education. there is a suplemetal argument if kids are working all the time, that time is not spent with mom and dad, they could be playing games, taking part in sports. school is number 1. and explicit incompatibility between school and work. there is also a concern that part time jobs kids are doing. there are low end jobss in the service sector they can stressfull, occastionally harmfull, too much multitasking . there is also a suggestion is the early exposure to the bad jobs in the service sector can turn them into the idea of work, work is only a source of money, work will have no value, related concern is because young ppl work it can lead to spend a lot of them selves. kids are working with ppl who mentor them and who support the parttime jobs. rather then mix labour force, the labour force is made up of teenagers, they are working regressively and making them work in adult ways. The case for: The basic starting point for part time jobs is that it gets teenagers thinking that what kind of jobs they want to do what they don’t want. it provides them early socializing experience of what they want to do. it also teaches kids the value of a buck and increases their independence. it also have an effect of teaching work related values- time management. It also teaches a lot of different rewards from job. some jobs are well paid and boring, some jobs may be less paying buh interesting. some kids may realize they might not want to work inside and may want to work outside. Part time job may be very important in north America. heres the argument: is part time job may be particularly impo for north America and britsish kids cuz unlike other societies there are less linkages between school and work. this can be elaborated as the linkage between school and work have been very well organized. germany has an apprentishp system: they begin like they are in school, they get work experience, get job placements. Japan has a diff system: in the largest japaneses city eX: Tokyo. there are connections between major cooperation and the local highschool and they have an arrangement. what those companies would do is that they would have a relationship with school. they will provide jobs every year for a certain proportion of highschool graduates. again atleast in some parts of japan, they make a good linakge between work and school. ppl in us and Canada do not have formalized relationship. The part time jobs in highschool gives them the best chance to start to think what they would want to do. ppl from disadvantaged groups, who are not invested in school or afford college education, part time jobs can become an alternative strategy for them to get a head in labour market. For example; having a part time job they like, can provide them with the context, the mentorship, the recommendations which will get them a better job then otherwise expected. It doesn’t work like that for all kids, but its more emphasized on kids who don’t get the chance for education. The study: the reason the study was started is because there was a debate between part time jobs and school. this study was done in Mid west (no exam question. Mortemor conducated a longtitudian; study . followed a young ppl and their parents over the 10 years period. these kids and their parents were contacted when they were in grade 9. she and her research team was in contact with them throughout their highschool and they were givene questionnaires and interviews. asked them questions about their part time jobs,.after they graduated from highschool, they followed them till them were 25. it was quite a challenege doing this study. the parents were also interviewed. there were couple of point that came from parental interviews: first of all, ppl who opposed kids doing part time jobs, in contrast with adults critiques of part time jobs. there were ppl supportive of part time jobs and those were the kids mom and dad. parents are supportive. she also asked parents about their part time jobs when they were young. the bottom line is
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